Diagnosis of pyogenic liver abscess by abdominal ultrasonography in the emergency department

A. C M Lin, D. Y. Yen, Y. H. Hsu, C. C. Wu, H. Chang, T. N. Jang, C. H. Huang

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

40 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Delayed diagnosis of pyogenic liver abscess remains a challenging problem in the emergency department because of the associated high morbidity and mortality. Objective: To evaluate the sensitivity of ultrasono-graphy in the diagnosis of pyogenic liver abscess in patients presenting to the emergency department and the factors that may influence this sensitivity. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in patients diagnosed with pyogenic liver abscess in the emergency department (ED) of a tertiary care teaching hospital for a period of 5 years. Between May 2001 and April 2006, 268 patients diagnosed with pyogenic liver abscess were evaluated by ultrasonography and/or CT scanning. The age, sex, clinical presentation, location and number of abscesses and the underlying disease of these two groups were compared. Results: Of the 268 patients admitted via the ED who were discharged or died with a diagnosis of pyogenic liver abscess, there was a predominance of men (M/F173/95) and the mean age was 57.6 years (range 17-90). 38 had false negative findings on ultrasonography (sensitivity 85.8%) and required abdominal CT scanning for definitive diagnosis. In the other 230 cases, ultrasonography alone was sufficient for diagnosis. Location of the abscess in segments 4 and 5 of the liver raised the sensitivity of ultrasound for diagnosis, while location in segment 8 was most associated with delayed diagnosis by ultrasonography. Right costal angle knocking pain was significant for pyogenic liver abscess even if ultrasound was negative. Conclusions: The size and location of the liver abscess and the underlying comorbid diseases may affect the diagnostic sensitivity of ultrasound for pyogenic liver abscess in clinical practice. A high index of suspicion should be maintained in patients with diabetes mellitus, previous biliary tract intervention or gastrointestinal malignancy. Follow-up CT scanning is recommended if right flank knocking pain is present, even if ultrasonography is non-revealing. A diagnostic protocol for liver abscess may be feasible in the future.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)273-275
頁數3
期刊Emergency medicine journal : EMJ
26
發行號4
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 4月 2009
對外發佈

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 重症監護和重症監護醫學
  • 急診醫學

指紋

深入研究「Diagnosis of pyogenic liver abscess by abdominal ultrasonography in the emergency department」主題。共同形成了獨特的指紋。

引用此