摘要

Bone tissue engineering holds great promise and clinical efficacy for the regeneration of bone defects. In this study, an amphoteric N,O-carboxymethyl chitosan (NOCC) and fucoidan (FD) were covalently cross-linked via an amidation reaction to synthesize NOCC/FD composite hydrogels. The hydrogels were lyophilized and then three-dimensional scaffolds with interconnected macropores were obtained. To enhance the mechanical properties and osteogenic activity, the NOCC/FD scaffolds were biomineralized for the growth of hydroxyapatite crystals. A comparative assessment of the structures, morphologies, and physical properties of the original and mineralized scaffolds were performed by SEM, EDS, X-ray diffraction and FT-IR analysis. FD regulated the growth of hydroxyapatite nanocrystallites (n-HAp) and thus the NOCC/FD scaffolds showed better mineralization efficiency than NOCC scaffolds. The compressive strength of the scaffolds was greatly enhanced after mineralization with n-HAp. The n-HAp/NOCC/FD scaffolds enhanced the proliferation, ALP activity, and mineralization of osteoblast cells more strongly than the original and mineralized NOCC scaffolds. Hence, the n-HAp-mineralized NOCC/FD scaffolds may prove to be an excellent and versatile scaffold for bone tissue engineering.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)2335-2345
頁數11
期刊International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
120
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 十二月 1 2018

指紋

Biomineralization
Nanocomposites
Tissue Engineering
Scaffolds (biology)
Tissue engineering
Scaffolds
Bone
Bone and Bones
Hydrogels
Durapatite
Compressive Strength
Bone Regeneration
O,N-carboxymethylchitosan
fucoidan
Nanocrystallites
Crystallization
Osteoblasts
X-Ray Diffraction
Compressive strength
Energy dispersive spectroscopy

Keywords

  • Biomineralization
  • Bone tissue engineering hydrogels
  • Chitosan
  • Scaffolds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

引用此文

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title = "Development of nanocomposite scaffolds based on biomineralization of N,O-carboxymethyl chitosan/fucoidan conjugates for bone tissue engineering",
abstract = "Bone tissue engineering holds great promise and clinical efficacy for the regeneration of bone defects. In this study, an amphoteric N,O-carboxymethyl chitosan (NOCC) and fucoidan (FD) were covalently cross-linked via an amidation reaction to synthesize NOCC/FD composite hydrogels. The hydrogels were lyophilized and then three-dimensional scaffolds with interconnected macropores were obtained. To enhance the mechanical properties and osteogenic activity, the NOCC/FD scaffolds were biomineralized for the growth of hydroxyapatite crystals. A comparative assessment of the structures, morphologies, and physical properties of the original and mineralized scaffolds were performed by SEM, EDS, X-ray diffraction and FT-IR analysis. FD regulated the growth of hydroxyapatite nanocrystallites (n-HAp) and thus the NOCC/FD scaffolds showed better mineralization efficiency than NOCC scaffolds. The compressive strength of the scaffolds was greatly enhanced after mineralization with n-HAp. The n-HAp/NOCC/FD scaffolds enhanced the proliferation, ALP activity, and mineralization of osteoblast cells more strongly than the original and mineralized NOCC scaffolds. Hence, the n-HAp-mineralized NOCC/FD scaffolds may prove to be an excellent and versatile scaffold for bone tissue engineering.",
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author = "Lu, {Hsien Tsung} and Lu, {Tzu Wei} and Chen, {Chien Ho} and Lu, {Kun Ying} and Mi, {Fwu Long}",
year = "2018",
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T1 - Development of nanocomposite scaffolds based on biomineralization of N,O-carboxymethyl chitosan/fucoidan conjugates for bone tissue engineering

AU - Lu, Hsien Tsung

AU - Lu, Tzu Wei

AU - Chen, Chien Ho

AU - Lu, Kun Ying

AU - Mi, Fwu Long

PY - 2018/12/1

Y1 - 2018/12/1

N2 - Bone tissue engineering holds great promise and clinical efficacy for the regeneration of bone defects. In this study, an amphoteric N,O-carboxymethyl chitosan (NOCC) and fucoidan (FD) were covalently cross-linked via an amidation reaction to synthesize NOCC/FD composite hydrogels. The hydrogels were lyophilized and then three-dimensional scaffolds with interconnected macropores were obtained. To enhance the mechanical properties and osteogenic activity, the NOCC/FD scaffolds were biomineralized for the growth of hydroxyapatite crystals. A comparative assessment of the structures, morphologies, and physical properties of the original and mineralized scaffolds were performed by SEM, EDS, X-ray diffraction and FT-IR analysis. FD regulated the growth of hydroxyapatite nanocrystallites (n-HAp) and thus the NOCC/FD scaffolds showed better mineralization efficiency than NOCC scaffolds. The compressive strength of the scaffolds was greatly enhanced after mineralization with n-HAp. The n-HAp/NOCC/FD scaffolds enhanced the proliferation, ALP activity, and mineralization of osteoblast cells more strongly than the original and mineralized NOCC scaffolds. Hence, the n-HAp-mineralized NOCC/FD scaffolds may prove to be an excellent and versatile scaffold for bone tissue engineering.

AB - Bone tissue engineering holds great promise and clinical efficacy for the regeneration of bone defects. In this study, an amphoteric N,O-carboxymethyl chitosan (NOCC) and fucoidan (FD) were covalently cross-linked via an amidation reaction to synthesize NOCC/FD composite hydrogels. The hydrogels were lyophilized and then three-dimensional scaffolds with interconnected macropores were obtained. To enhance the mechanical properties and osteogenic activity, the NOCC/FD scaffolds were biomineralized for the growth of hydroxyapatite crystals. A comparative assessment of the structures, morphologies, and physical properties of the original and mineralized scaffolds were performed by SEM, EDS, X-ray diffraction and FT-IR analysis. FD regulated the growth of hydroxyapatite nanocrystallites (n-HAp) and thus the NOCC/FD scaffolds showed better mineralization efficiency than NOCC scaffolds. The compressive strength of the scaffolds was greatly enhanced after mineralization with n-HAp. The n-HAp/NOCC/FD scaffolds enhanced the proliferation, ALP activity, and mineralization of osteoblast cells more strongly than the original and mineralized NOCC scaffolds. Hence, the n-HAp-mineralized NOCC/FD scaffolds may prove to be an excellent and versatile scaffold for bone tissue engineering.

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