Detection of polyomavirus JC genotype from transplant patients by capillary electrophoresis: Comparison to fragment length polymorphism analysis

Ning Sheng Lai, Ming Chi Lu, Ming Che Lee, Teng Yi Lin, Wen Yao Yin

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

3 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Background/Purpose: Among the genotypes of human polyomavirus JC (JCV) reported in Taiwan, CY, TW1, TW2 and TW3 are the most commonly correlated with human diseases. JCV is usually detected using nucleotide sequencing and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis. The aim of this study was to detect the rate of positivity and genotype of the JCV genome in urine by RFLP or capillary electrophoresis (CE) in renal transplant patients and healthy volunteers. Methods: We compared CE analysis to the methods of nucleotide sequencing and RFLP analysis for detection of JCV viruria among 60 renal transplant patients and 50 unrelated healthy controls. Genotyping of the positive PCR products was performed using CE and RFLP analysis simultaneously. Results: The urine JCV-positive rate was significantly higher in renal transplant patients than in healthy volunteers (40% [24/60] vs. 20% [10/ 50]; p=0.0238). In addition, multiple genotypes of JCV could be detected by CE, but only one genotype could be detected by RFLP. In our study, 20% (2/10) of urine JCV-positive samples from healthy volunteers had two different genotypes. in renal transplant patients 66% (16/24) of JCV-positive samples had two different genotypes and 12% (3/24) had three different genotypes. Conclusion: In comparison with RFLP, CE can detect multiple genotypes in urine JCV-positive samples and requires only 1/200 of the volume of specimen required for RFLP analysis. The CE method has sensitivity and specificity suitable for use in the clinical laboratory, and identifies more genotypes than RFLP analysis.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)239-244
頁數6
期刊Journal of the Formosan Medical Association
107
發行號3
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 3月 2008
對外發佈

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 醫藥 (全部)

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