Detection of plasmid-mediated β-lactamase genes and emergence of a novel AmpC (CMH-1) in Enterobacter cloacae at a medical center in southern Taiwan

Yee Huang Ku, Mei Feng Lee, Yin Ching Chuang, Wen-Liang Yu

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

摘要

The plasmid-mediated extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) and AmpC β-lactamases in Enterobacter spp. have increasingly been reported. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of the plasmid-mediated β-lactamases in Enterobacter cloacae from bloodstream isolates at a medical center in southern Taiwan. ESBL and ampC genes were detected by PCRs and DNA sequencing. Conjugation experiments were conducted to confirm the transferability of the genetic resistance trait. Among 41 non-repetitive blood isolates of cefuroxime-resistant E. cloacae, eight isolates exhibited ESBL phenotype confirmed by double-disk synergistic tests. Nearly all the strains were susceptible to carbapenems. The prevalence rate of the plasmid-mediated blaampC genes was 73% (30/41), including one blaDHA-1, one blaMIR-6, two novel blaCMH-1 genes and other blaACT-like genes. Coexistence of plasmid-mediated blaACT and ESBL genes (10 with blaSHV-12 and one with blaCTX-M-3) was observed. Successful transmissions of the blaACT and blaCMH-1 were demonstrated in some transconjugants. The inducible or derepressed CMH-1 had expanded activity of isolates versus ceftazidime. Enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus (ERIC)-PCR analysis and pulsotype showed distinct patterns suggesting non-clonal relationship. In conclusion, plasmid-mediated blaACT-like ampC genes in E. cloacae isolates have been highly prevalent in southern Taiwan and may continue genetic evolution, contributing to the complexities in antibiotic-resistant mechanisms.
原文英語
文章編號1
頁(從 - 到)8
頁數8
期刊Journal of Clinical Medicine
8
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2019

指紋

Enterobacter cloacae
Taiwan
Plasmids
Genes
Cefuroxime
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Enterobacter
Carbapenems
Ceftazidime
Molecular Evolution
DNA Sequence Analysis
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Phenotype

引用此文

@article{a89161e07752496180fe4f33d557999a,
title = "Detection of plasmid-mediated β-lactamase genes and emergence of a novel AmpC (CMH-1) in Enterobacter cloacae at a medical center in southern Taiwan",
abstract = "The plasmid-mediated extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) and AmpC β-lactamases in Enterobacter spp. have increasingly been reported. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of the plasmid-mediated β-lactamases in Enterobacter cloacae from bloodstream isolates at a medical center in southern Taiwan. ESBL and ampC genes were detected by PCRs and DNA sequencing. Conjugation experiments were conducted to confirm the transferability of the genetic resistance trait. Among 41 non-repetitive blood isolates of cefuroxime-resistant E. cloacae, eight isolates exhibited ESBL phenotype confirmed by double-disk synergistic tests. Nearly all the strains were susceptible to carbapenems. The prevalence rate of the plasmid-mediated blaampC genes was 73{\%} (30/41), including one blaDHA-1, one blaMIR-6, two novel blaCMH-1 genes and other blaACT-like genes. Coexistence of plasmid-mediated blaACT and ESBL genes (10 with blaSHV-12 and one with blaCTX-M-3) was observed. Successful transmissions of the blaACT and blaCMH-1 were demonstrated in some transconjugants. The inducible or derepressed CMH-1 had expanded activity of isolates versus ceftazidime. Enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus (ERIC)-PCR analysis and pulsotype showed distinct patterns suggesting non-clonal relationship. In conclusion, plasmid-mediated blaACT-like ampC genes in E. cloacae isolates have been highly prevalent in southern Taiwan and may continue genetic evolution, contributing to the complexities in antibiotic-resistant mechanisms.",
author = "Ku, {Yee Huang} and Lee, {Mei Feng} and Chuang, {Yin Ching} and Wen-Liang Yu",
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T1 - Detection of plasmid-mediated β-lactamase genes and emergence of a novel AmpC (CMH-1) in Enterobacter cloacae at a medical center in southern Taiwan

AU - Ku, Yee Huang

AU - Lee, Mei Feng

AU - Chuang, Yin Ching

AU - Yu, Wen-Liang

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The plasmid-mediated extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) and AmpC β-lactamases in Enterobacter spp. have increasingly been reported. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of the plasmid-mediated β-lactamases in Enterobacter cloacae from bloodstream isolates at a medical center in southern Taiwan. ESBL and ampC genes were detected by PCRs and DNA sequencing. Conjugation experiments were conducted to confirm the transferability of the genetic resistance trait. Among 41 non-repetitive blood isolates of cefuroxime-resistant E. cloacae, eight isolates exhibited ESBL phenotype confirmed by double-disk synergistic tests. Nearly all the strains were susceptible to carbapenems. The prevalence rate of the plasmid-mediated blaampC genes was 73% (30/41), including one blaDHA-1, one blaMIR-6, two novel blaCMH-1 genes and other blaACT-like genes. Coexistence of plasmid-mediated blaACT and ESBL genes (10 with blaSHV-12 and one with blaCTX-M-3) was observed. Successful transmissions of the blaACT and blaCMH-1 were demonstrated in some transconjugants. The inducible or derepressed CMH-1 had expanded activity of isolates versus ceftazidime. Enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus (ERIC)-PCR analysis and pulsotype showed distinct patterns suggesting non-clonal relationship. In conclusion, plasmid-mediated blaACT-like ampC genes in E. cloacae isolates have been highly prevalent in southern Taiwan and may continue genetic evolution, contributing to the complexities in antibiotic-resistant mechanisms.

AB - The plasmid-mediated extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) and AmpC β-lactamases in Enterobacter spp. have increasingly been reported. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of the plasmid-mediated β-lactamases in Enterobacter cloacae from bloodstream isolates at a medical center in southern Taiwan. ESBL and ampC genes were detected by PCRs and DNA sequencing. Conjugation experiments were conducted to confirm the transferability of the genetic resistance trait. Among 41 non-repetitive blood isolates of cefuroxime-resistant E. cloacae, eight isolates exhibited ESBL phenotype confirmed by double-disk synergistic tests. Nearly all the strains were susceptible to carbapenems. The prevalence rate of the plasmid-mediated blaampC genes was 73% (30/41), including one blaDHA-1, one blaMIR-6, two novel blaCMH-1 genes and other blaACT-like genes. Coexistence of plasmid-mediated blaACT and ESBL genes (10 with blaSHV-12 and one with blaCTX-M-3) was observed. Successful transmissions of the blaACT and blaCMH-1 were demonstrated in some transconjugants. The inducible or derepressed CMH-1 had expanded activity of isolates versus ceftazidime. Enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus (ERIC)-PCR analysis and pulsotype showed distinct patterns suggesting non-clonal relationship. In conclusion, plasmid-mediated blaACT-like ampC genes in E. cloacae isolates have been highly prevalent in southern Taiwan and may continue genetic evolution, contributing to the complexities in antibiotic-resistant mechanisms.

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