摘要

Background Acupuncture treatment is common among stroke patients, but there is limited information available on whether acupuncture effectively prevents post-stroke pneumonia. The aim of this study was to analyze the differential risk of pneumonia after stroke between patients who did and did not receive acupuncture after discharge. Methods We used the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database to conduct a retrospective cohort study using propensity score matched-pairs of new stroke patients in 2000–2004 who did and did not receive acupuncture post-stroke. Both cohorts were followed up until the end of 2009 for new-onset pneumonia. After correcting for immortal time bias, the incidence and adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of pneumonia associated with acupuncture use were calculated using multivariate Cox proportional hazard models. Results Overall, 12557 stroke patients with 12557 paired controls were included in the analysis; pneumonia was diagnosed in 6796 (27.1%). Stroke patients receiving acupuncture had a lower incidence of pneumonia than those without acupuncture (53.4 vs. 58.9 per 1000 person-years), with an adjusted HR of 0.86 (95% CI 0.82–0.90). The association between pneumonia risk and acupuncture use was significant in men (HR 0.92, 95% CI 0.86–0.98) and women (HR 0.79, 95% 0.70–0.82) and was also observed in every age group from 20–79 years. Conclusion Stroke patients receiving acupuncture had a lower risk of pneumonia than those who did not. Further randomized control studies are needed to validate the protective effect of acupuncture on the risk of pneumonia among stroke patients.
原文英語
文章編號e0196094
期刊PLoS One
13
發行號5
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 五月 1 2018

指紋

Acupuncture
acupuncture
risk reduction
cohort studies
stroke
pneumonia
Pneumonia
Cohort Studies
Retrospective Studies
Stroke
Hazards
confidence interval
Confidence Intervals
Acupuncture Therapy
Health insurance
Propensity Score
health insurance
incidence
Incidence
National Health Programs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

引用此文

@article{3d78c2360cb246388c7bcc46218e3346,
title = "Decreased risk of pneumonia in stroke patients receiving acupuncture: A nationwide matched-pair retrospective cohort study",
abstract = "Background Acupuncture treatment is common among stroke patients, but there is limited information available on whether acupuncture effectively prevents post-stroke pneumonia. The aim of this study was to analyze the differential risk of pneumonia after stroke between patients who did and did not receive acupuncture after discharge. Methods We used the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database to conduct a retrospective cohort study using propensity score matched-pairs of new stroke patients in 2000–2004 who did and did not receive acupuncture post-stroke. Both cohorts were followed up until the end of 2009 for new-onset pneumonia. After correcting for immortal time bias, the incidence and adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) with 95{\%} confidence intervals (CIs) of pneumonia associated with acupuncture use were calculated using multivariate Cox proportional hazard models. Results Overall, 12557 stroke patients with 12557 paired controls were included in the analysis; pneumonia was diagnosed in 6796 (27.1{\%}). Stroke patients receiving acupuncture had a lower incidence of pneumonia than those without acupuncture (53.4 vs. 58.9 per 1000 person-years), with an adjusted HR of 0.86 (95{\%} CI 0.82–0.90). The association between pneumonia risk and acupuncture use was significant in men (HR 0.92, 95{\%} CI 0.86–0.98) and women (HR 0.79, 95{\%} 0.70–0.82) and was also observed in every age group from 20–79 years. Conclusion Stroke patients receiving acupuncture had a lower risk of pneumonia than those who did not. Further randomized control studies are needed to validate the protective effect of acupuncture on the risk of pneumonia among stroke patients.",
author = "Chang, {Chuen Chau} and Chen, {Ta Liang} and Lin, {Chao Shun} and Chung, {Chi Li} and Yeh, {Chun Chieh} and Hu, {Chaur Jong} and Lane, {Hsin Long} and Liao, {Chien Chang} and Shih, {Chun Chuan}",
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T1 - Decreased risk of pneumonia in stroke patients receiving acupuncture

T2 - A nationwide matched-pair retrospective cohort study

AU - Chang, Chuen Chau

AU - Chen, Ta Liang

AU - Lin, Chao Shun

AU - Chung, Chi Li

AU - Yeh, Chun Chieh

AU - Hu, Chaur Jong

AU - Lane, Hsin Long

AU - Liao, Chien Chang

AU - Shih, Chun Chuan

PY - 2018/5/1

Y1 - 2018/5/1

N2 - Background Acupuncture treatment is common among stroke patients, but there is limited information available on whether acupuncture effectively prevents post-stroke pneumonia. The aim of this study was to analyze the differential risk of pneumonia after stroke between patients who did and did not receive acupuncture after discharge. Methods We used the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database to conduct a retrospective cohort study using propensity score matched-pairs of new stroke patients in 2000–2004 who did and did not receive acupuncture post-stroke. Both cohorts were followed up until the end of 2009 for new-onset pneumonia. After correcting for immortal time bias, the incidence and adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of pneumonia associated with acupuncture use were calculated using multivariate Cox proportional hazard models. Results Overall, 12557 stroke patients with 12557 paired controls were included in the analysis; pneumonia was diagnosed in 6796 (27.1%). Stroke patients receiving acupuncture had a lower incidence of pneumonia than those without acupuncture (53.4 vs. 58.9 per 1000 person-years), with an adjusted HR of 0.86 (95% CI 0.82–0.90). The association between pneumonia risk and acupuncture use was significant in men (HR 0.92, 95% CI 0.86–0.98) and women (HR 0.79, 95% 0.70–0.82) and was also observed in every age group from 20–79 years. Conclusion Stroke patients receiving acupuncture had a lower risk of pneumonia than those who did not. Further randomized control studies are needed to validate the protective effect of acupuncture on the risk of pneumonia among stroke patients.

AB - Background Acupuncture treatment is common among stroke patients, but there is limited information available on whether acupuncture effectively prevents post-stroke pneumonia. The aim of this study was to analyze the differential risk of pneumonia after stroke between patients who did and did not receive acupuncture after discharge. Methods We used the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database to conduct a retrospective cohort study using propensity score matched-pairs of new stroke patients in 2000–2004 who did and did not receive acupuncture post-stroke. Both cohorts were followed up until the end of 2009 for new-onset pneumonia. After correcting for immortal time bias, the incidence and adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of pneumonia associated with acupuncture use were calculated using multivariate Cox proportional hazard models. Results Overall, 12557 stroke patients with 12557 paired controls were included in the analysis; pneumonia was diagnosed in 6796 (27.1%). Stroke patients receiving acupuncture had a lower incidence of pneumonia than those without acupuncture (53.4 vs. 58.9 per 1000 person-years), with an adjusted HR of 0.86 (95% CI 0.82–0.90). The association between pneumonia risk and acupuncture use was significant in men (HR 0.92, 95% CI 0.86–0.98) and women (HR 0.79, 95% 0.70–0.82) and was also observed in every age group from 20–79 years. Conclusion Stroke patients receiving acupuncture had a lower risk of pneumonia than those who did not. Further randomized control studies are needed to validate the protective effect of acupuncture on the risk of pneumonia among stroke patients.

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