Current diagnostic and treatment strategies for adenomyosis

Jehn Hsiahn Yang, Hong Nerng ho, yu Shih Yang

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

3 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Adenomyosis is a common gynecological disorder that is characterized by the presence of ectopic endometrial glands and stroma embedded within the myometrium with adjacent smooth muscle hyperplasia. Menorrhagia, dysmenorrhea, metrorrhagia and dyspareunia are the presenting symptoms most often seen. The underlying etiology of adenomyosis is not fully known as yet. Therefore, the treatment of adenomyosis is also not yet optimal. Transvaginal sonography and magnetic resonance imaging are the two main tools for providing images that suggest adenomyosis, although a confirmed diagnosis can only be made after pathological examination of a hysterectomy specimen. The definitive treatment for adenomyosis is hysterectomy but, initially, less-invasive approaches should be tried, including oral contraceptives, progestins, danazol, gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist, the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system, myometrial excision and uterine artery embolization.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)111-120
頁數10
期刊Expert Review of Obstetrics and Gynecology
1
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 九月 1 2006
對外發佈Yes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Maternity and Midwifery

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