Crash severity, injury patterns, and helmet use in adolescent motorcycle riders

Mau-Roung Lin, Hei Fen Hwang, Nai-Wen Kuo

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

30 引文 (Scopus)

摘要

Background: This study examined crash severity and injury patterns between helmeted and unhelmeted adolescent motorcycle riders. Methods: Among an initial population of 4,721 junior college students, 1,284 students were involved in 1,889 motorcycle crashes during a 20-month follow-up period. Crash severity was measured by both the type of collision object and the repair cost of motorcycle damage. Results: The incidence rates of crash, injury, hospitalization, and deaths per 1,000 person-years in the cohort were 358, 104, 14, and 1.3, respectively. Compared with helmeted riders, unhelmeted riders had more noncollisions and fewer collisions with a moving car but there was no significant difference in repair cost of motorcycle damage between these groups. More injuries to the external skin, face, and head and more severe injuries occurred in unhelmeted than in helmeted riders. Among crashes resulting in hospitalization/death, more injuries to the face and head occurred in unhelmeted riders than in helmeted riders. Conclusion: Crashes involving unhelmeted riders were not more severe but more frequently involved face and head injuries than crashes involving helmeted riders.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)24-30
頁數7
期刊Journal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care
50
發行號1
出版狀態已發佈 - 2001

指紋

Motorcycles
Head Protective Devices
Wounds and Injuries
Hospitalization
Head
Students
Costs and Cost Analysis
Craniocerebral Trauma
Skin
Incidence
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

引用此文

@article{6689359e046d4db49ade22d35b16b251,
title = "Crash severity, injury patterns, and helmet use in adolescent motorcycle riders",
abstract = "Background: This study examined crash severity and injury patterns between helmeted and unhelmeted adolescent motorcycle riders. Methods: Among an initial population of 4,721 junior college students, 1,284 students were involved in 1,889 motorcycle crashes during a 20-month follow-up period. Crash severity was measured by both the type of collision object and the repair cost of motorcycle damage. Results: The incidence rates of crash, injury, hospitalization, and deaths per 1,000 person-years in the cohort were 358, 104, 14, and 1.3, respectively. Compared with helmeted riders, unhelmeted riders had more noncollisions and fewer collisions with a moving car but there was no significant difference in repair cost of motorcycle damage between these groups. More injuries to the external skin, face, and head and more severe injuries occurred in unhelmeted than in helmeted riders. Among crashes resulting in hospitalization/death, more injuries to the face and head occurred in unhelmeted riders than in helmeted riders. Conclusion: Crashes involving unhelmeted riders were not more severe but more frequently involved face and head injuries than crashes involving helmeted riders.",
keywords = "Crash, Epidemiology, Helmet, Injury, Motorcycle, Severity",
author = "Mau-Roung Lin and Hwang, {Hei Fen} and Nai-Wen Kuo",
year = "2001",
language = "English",
volume = "50",
pages = "24--30",
journal = "Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery",
issn = "2163-0755",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Crash severity, injury patterns, and helmet use in adolescent motorcycle riders

AU - Lin, Mau-Roung

AU - Hwang, Hei Fen

AU - Kuo, Nai-Wen

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - Background: This study examined crash severity and injury patterns between helmeted and unhelmeted adolescent motorcycle riders. Methods: Among an initial population of 4,721 junior college students, 1,284 students were involved in 1,889 motorcycle crashes during a 20-month follow-up period. Crash severity was measured by both the type of collision object and the repair cost of motorcycle damage. Results: The incidence rates of crash, injury, hospitalization, and deaths per 1,000 person-years in the cohort were 358, 104, 14, and 1.3, respectively. Compared with helmeted riders, unhelmeted riders had more noncollisions and fewer collisions with a moving car but there was no significant difference in repair cost of motorcycle damage between these groups. More injuries to the external skin, face, and head and more severe injuries occurred in unhelmeted than in helmeted riders. Among crashes resulting in hospitalization/death, more injuries to the face and head occurred in unhelmeted riders than in helmeted riders. Conclusion: Crashes involving unhelmeted riders were not more severe but more frequently involved face and head injuries than crashes involving helmeted riders.

AB - Background: This study examined crash severity and injury patterns between helmeted and unhelmeted adolescent motorcycle riders. Methods: Among an initial population of 4,721 junior college students, 1,284 students were involved in 1,889 motorcycle crashes during a 20-month follow-up period. Crash severity was measured by both the type of collision object and the repair cost of motorcycle damage. Results: The incidence rates of crash, injury, hospitalization, and deaths per 1,000 person-years in the cohort were 358, 104, 14, and 1.3, respectively. Compared with helmeted riders, unhelmeted riders had more noncollisions and fewer collisions with a moving car but there was no significant difference in repair cost of motorcycle damage between these groups. More injuries to the external skin, face, and head and more severe injuries occurred in unhelmeted than in helmeted riders. Among crashes resulting in hospitalization/death, more injuries to the face and head occurred in unhelmeted riders than in helmeted riders. Conclusion: Crashes involving unhelmeted riders were not more severe but more frequently involved face and head injuries than crashes involving helmeted riders.

KW - Crash

KW - Epidemiology

KW - Helmet

KW - Injury

KW - Motorcycle

KW - Severity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035147079&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035147079&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 11231665

AN - SCOPUS:0035147079

VL - 50

SP - 24

EP - 30

JO - Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery

JF - Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery

SN - 2163-0755

IS - 1

ER -