Coronary microvascular function is independently associated with left ventricular filling pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Takayuki Kawata, Masao Daimon, Sakiko Miyazaki, Ryoko Ichikawa, Masaki Maruyama, Shuo Ju Chiang, Chiharu Ito, Fumihiko Sato, Hirotaka Watada, Hiroyuki Daida

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

40 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Background: Left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction is known as an early marker of myocardial alterations in patients with diabetes. Because microvascular disease has been regarded as an important cause of heart failure or diastolic dysfunction in diabetic patients, we tested the hypothesis that coronary flow reserve (CFR), which reflects coronary microvascular function, is associated with LV diastolic dysfunction in patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: We studied asymptomatic patients with type 2 diabetes but without overt heart failure. Transthoracic Doppler echocardiography was performed that included pulsed tissue Doppler of the mitral annulus and CFR of the left anterior descending artery (induced by adenosine 0.14mg/kg/min). The ratio of mitral velocity to early diastolic velocity of the mitral annulus (E/e') was used as a surrogate marker of diastolic function. We also evaluated renal function, lipid profile, parameters of glycemic control and other clinical characteristics to determine their association with E/e'. Patients with LV ejection fraction <50%, atrial fibrillation, valvular disease, regional wall motion abnormality, renal failure (serum creatinine >2.0mg/dl) or type 1 diabetes were excluded. Patients with a CFR <2.0 were also excluded based on the suspicion of significant coronary artery stenosis. Results: We included 67 asymptomatic patients with type 2 diabetes and 14 non-diabetic controls in the final study population. In univariate analysis, age, presence of hypertension, LV mass index, estimated glomerular filtration rate and CFR were significantly associated with E/e'. Multivariate analysis indicated that both LV mass index and CFR were independently associated with E/e'. In contrast, there were no significant associations between parameters of glycemic control and E/e'. Conclusions: CFR was associated with LV filling pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes. This result suggests a possible link between coronary microvascular disease and LV diastolic function in these subjects.

原文英語
文章編號98
期刊Cardiovascular Diabetology
14
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 8月 5 2015
對外發佈

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 內科學
  • 內分泌學、糖尿病和代謝
  • 心臟病學與心血管醫學

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