Concurrent elicitation of electroencephalographic desynchronization and penile erection by cocaine in the rat

Alice Y.W. Chang, Terry B.J. Kuo, Julie Y.H. Chan, Samuel H.H. Chan

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

9 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

It is well-known from animal and human studies that, as a central nervous stimulant, cocaine induces electroencephalographic (EEG) desynchronization. Cocaine also purportedly increases sexual behavior as an aphrodisiac. Whether the effects of cocaine on EEG activity and penile erection are mechanistically linked, however, remains to be fully elucidated. We evaluated whether this link exists, based on simultaneous recording of EEG signals from the somatosensory cortex and intracavernous pressure (ICP, as experimental index for penile erection) in adult, male Sprague-Dawley rats. Under intraperitoneal chloral hydrate anesthesia (400 mg/kg, i.p.), both intravenous (i.v.) and intracavernous (i.c.) administration of cocaine (1.5 or 3.0 mg/kg, and 75 or 150 μg) dose-dependently induced discernible EEG desynchronization, as represented by a decrease in root mean square and an increase in mean power frequency values, and an increase in ICP. However, the same administration of cocaine in animals under pentobarbital sodium anesthesia (50 mg/kg, i.p.) failed to significantly affect EEG activity, despite an appreciable dose-dependent elevation in ICP. On the other hand, intracerebroventricular administration of cocaine (7.5, 15, or 30 μg) induced significant EEG activation without affecting ICP. I.c. application of papaverine (400 μg) elicited a discernible increase in ICP, but failed to evoke EEG desynchronization. These results suggest that the concurrent EEG desynchronization and penile erection elicited by cocaine may take place without a mutually causative relationship.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)233-239
頁數7
期刊Synapse
24
發行號3
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 十一月 1996
對外發佈

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 細胞與分子神經科學

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