Comparison of prevalence of virulence factors for Klebsiella pneumoniae liver abscesses between isolates with capsular K1/K2 and non-K1/K2 serotypes

Wen Liang Yu, Wen Chien Ko, Kuo-Chen Cheng, Ching Chien Lee, Chien-Cheng Lai, Yin Ching Chuang

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

196 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Hypermucoviscosity, rmpA (regulator of mucoid phenotype), aerobactin (an iron siderophore), kfu (an iron uptake system), allS (associated with allantoin metabolism), and K1/K2 capsules are important virulence determinants in Klebsiella pneumoniae for liver abscesses. We determined the prevalence of these virulence factors of 50 nonrepeat K. pneumoniae isolates recovered from patients with primary liver abscesses who were treated at 2 medical centers in Taiwan. Virulence genes were surveyed by polymerase chain reaction analysis. The prevalence of hypermucoviscosity phenotype, plasmid-born rmpA, aerobactin, kfu, and allS genes revealed 96%, 100%, 100%, 100%, and 100% in 26 capsular K1 isolates; 90%, 100%, 100%, 0%, and 0% in 10 K2 isolates; and 79%, 86%, 93%, 50%, and 0% in 14 non-K1/K2 isolates; respectively. When injected into mice intraperitoneally, regardless of any capsule K serotype, K. pneumoniae isolates with hypermucoviscosity phenotype as well as presence of rmpA and aerobactin genes exhibited high virulence for mouse lethality (LD50, 2 CFU). Without significant difference in the prevalence of expressing hypermucoviscosity phenotype and carriage of rmpA and aerobactin genes, these virulent non-K1/K2 isolates are as capable as K1/K2 isolates of causing primary liver abscesses.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)1-6
頁數6
期刊Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
62
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 九月 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 傳染性疾病
  • 免疫學和過敏
  • 病毒學
  • 寄生物學
  • 微生物學
  • 免疫學
  • 應用微生物與生物技術

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