Comorbid diseases as risk factors for incident posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a large community cohort (KCIS no.PSY4)

Jung Chen Chang, Amy Ming Fang Yen, Hsiu Hsi Chen, Sam Li Sheng Chen, Sherry Yueh Hsia Chiu, Jean Ching Yuan Fann, Chau Shoun Lee

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

2 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Nature disasters and terrorist attacks have occurred globally in recent years. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has gained increasing attention, but its incidence and comorbidities in the general population are different from those inside the disaster areas. The present study estimated incident PTSD and comorbid diseases for over a decade in a cohort from a community-based integrated screening program. Factors associated with the incidence of PTSD were analyzed using Cox regression models. PTSD incidence was estimated as 81 per 10 5 person-years. Incidence was higher in females than in males and one-year increments in age lowered the risk for PTSD by 3%. Adjusting for other factors, cardiovascular heart disease (adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) = 1.45, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.03-2.04), bipolar disorder (aHR = 1.86, 95% CI: 1.07-3.24) and major depressive disorder (aHR = 7.03, 95% CI: 5.02-9.85) all significantly increased 45%, 86% and 603%, respectively, the risk of developing PTSD. The low rate of people with incident PTSD receiving treatment in this community health screening population implies there is room for improvement in terms of early detection and intervention. Clinical preventive efforts may be made for patients seeking general medical help, especially those with cardiovascular disorders or mood disorders.
原文英語
文章編號41276
期刊Scientific Reports
7
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 一月 27 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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