A total of 141 subjects with tight stenosis (≥75%) or occlusion of internal carotid artery were followed up at intervals 3–6 months regularly for 40 ± 16 months. The direction of ophthalmic artery flow was used as a parameter of risk indicator on cerebral ischemic events. Eleven patients with bilateral carotid tight stenosis/occlusion were excluded in the analysis. Thus, the 130 carotid arteries were divided into three groups: (1) carotid artery with ipsilateral hemispheric TIA or stroke (85 patients), (2) carotid arteries with contralateral hemispheric TIA/stroke or VBI (15 patients), and (3) carotid arteries of asymptomatic patients (30 patients). The symptomatic carotid artery group (group 1) had significantly more often reversed ophthalmic flow than the other two groups (group 2 and 3, p < 0.001). During follow‐up prospectively for four years, 41 patients had cerebral ischemic events, three had cardiac ischemic events and six died of malignancy. Patients with reversed OA flow had more often subsequent cerebral ischemic events than those with forward flow (27 vs 14, p = 0.010). However, the difference remained significant only in the asymptomatic patients (group 3, 4 vs 0, P < 0.001), not for groups 1 and 2, after further analysis. Our work supported that the clinical role of ophthalmic artery collateral varied between asymptomatic and symptomatic patients.
|頁（從 - 到）||242-246|
|期刊||Acta Neurologica Scandinavica|
|出版狀態||已發佈 - 一月 1 1995|
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