Objective: To evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of a steroid switch from prednisone to dexamethasone in Asians with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) that progressed after docetaxel chemotherapy. Methods: This study included postdocetaxel patients with mCRPC treated with abiraterone acetate combined with prednisone (AA + P) who had experienced prostate-specific antigen (PSA) progression. All patients underwent a steroid switch from prednisone (10 mg/day) to dexamethasone (1 mg/day). The PSA level and clinical symptoms were recorded. Moreover, follow-up was conducted until patients were either lost to follow-up or death. Results: This study included 11 patients from a single center in Taiwan. The median follow-up time starting from AA + P treatment was 19.47 months. Seven patients (63.64%) had >30% PSA decline, and 6 patients (54.55%) had >50% PSA decline. The median percentage of PSA decline was 83.6%. The median time until PSA progression after the steroid switch was 11.38 months. No adverse events greater than grade 3 were noted. Conclusions: Steroid switching is a feasible and effective therapy in docetaxel-treated Asian patients with mCRPC.
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