Six children including two neonates with acute suppurative parotitis are described. They presented typical symptoms and signs of fever (4/6) and swelling (6/6), tenderness (6/6), erythema (4/6) and local warmness (4/6) of the parotid gland affected. Leucocytosis and an elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate and serum amylase level may be seen. The presence of purulent discharge from the Stensen duct when the parotid gland is externally compressed is pathognomonic of the disease, and the microbiological diagnosis can be made by culture of the pus. Microbiologically, this series highlights the polymicrobic nature and importance of Streptococcus viridans in paediatric suppurative parotitis, indicating, therefore, that the causative bacteria entered the gland from the oral cavity. Our data also suggest that initial antibiotic therapy for such patients should provide adequate coverage for streptococci and staphylococci as well as for anaerobic bacteria.
|頁（從 - 到）||106-108|
|期刊||Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics|
|出版狀態||已發佈 - 1996|
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