Background: Urothelial carcinoma (UC) is derived from the urothelium of the urinary tract, and includes cancers of the bladder, renal pelvis and ureter. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical and demographic features among patients with bladder cancer and urothelial carcinoma of the upper urinary tract (UTUC) in Taiwan. Methods: The present study recruited a total of 736 histopathologically confirmed UC cases, which consisted of 470 bladder cancer and 266 UTUC between September 1998 and December 2009. Clinical and demographic features were collected by an interview utilizing a structured questionnaire, and supplemented by medical chart review. This study was approved by institutional review boards of the collaborating hospitals. The multivariate Cox proportional hazards model was performed to investigate prognostic factors for disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). All statistical analyses were performed using the Statistical Analysis Software for Windows, version 9.1 (SAS Institute, Cary, NC, USA). Results: UTUC patients had higher proportions of advanced clinical stage (T2-4) and poor cell differentiation (G3). Bladder cancer patients with advanced clinical stages (T2-3 and T4) had increased risks of poorer OS (hazard ratio, HR = 1.7 and 3.9, respectively). UTUC patients with the advanced clinical stage (T4) had a significantly greater risk of poorer OS (HR = 8.7). Bladder cancer patients with a high grade (G2-3) had a significantly increased risk of poorer OS (HR = 3.8). Conclusion: Based on the limited parameters and heterogeneous data, the present study merely observed that bladder cancer and UTUC patients with the higher tumor stage have a significant increased risk of poor overall survival. Therefore, the causal mechanisms of UC prognosis remained to be further explored in a larger population.
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Shen, C. H., Chiou, H. Y., Tung, M. C., Wu, C. C., Kao, W. T., Wang, Y. H., & Juang, G. D. (2017). Clinical and demographic characteristics among patients with urothelial carcinomas of the upper urinary tract and bladder in Taiwan. Journal of the Chinese Medical Association. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcma.2017.03.008