Clinical and biochemical presentation of polycystic ovary syndrome in women between the ages of 20 and 40

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

36 引文 (Scopus)

摘要

Background: The clinical features and metabolic complications of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) may change with age. This study was designed to investigate the clinical and biochemical characteristics of PCOS patients between the ages of 20 and 40.Methods: The study included 781 Taiwanese women, of whom 453 were diagnosed with PCOS and 328 were non-PCOS controls. Anthroponmetric components, androgens, endocrine, insulin resistance, and metabolic components were measured and correlated with age. Above parameters were compared between younger and elder women with PCOS.Results: Age had significant negative correlations with androgens (total testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate), the modified FerrimanGallwey score and the prevalence of acne and hirsutism. Age had significant positive correlations with fasting glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides and low-density lipoprotein. The 453 women who fulfilled diagnostic criteria for PCOS were classified by age into two groups: Group A (2029 years old, n 294) and Group B (3040 years old, n 159). Group A had significantly higher total testosterone levels than Group B. Group B had higher fasting insulin and glucose levels, triglycerides, body mass index and waist measurements and a higher incidence of obesity than Group A. The average ovarian volume was not significantly different among the two groups. Conclusions: Increased age is accompanied by a decrease in the prevalence of both clinical and biochemical hyperandrogenism in women. Hyperandrogenism is the important factor for young women with PCOS; however, abdominal obesity and certain metabolic disturbances became major concerns for older women with PCOS.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)3443-3449
頁數7
期刊Human Reproduction
26
發行號12
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 十二月 2011

指紋

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Hyperandrogenism
Androgens
Testosterone
Fasting
Glucose
Hirsutism
Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate
Abdominal Obesity
Acne Vulgaris
LDL Cholesterol
Insulin Resistance
Ovary
Triglycerides
Body Mass Index
Obesity
Insulin
Incidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Reproductive Medicine

引用此文

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abstract = "Background: The clinical features and metabolic complications of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) may change with age. This study was designed to investigate the clinical and biochemical characteristics of PCOS patients between the ages of 20 and 40.Methods: The study included 781 Taiwanese women, of whom 453 were diagnosed with PCOS and 328 were non-PCOS controls. Anthroponmetric components, androgens, endocrine, insulin resistance, and metabolic components were measured and correlated with age. Above parameters were compared between younger and elder women with PCOS.Results: Age had significant negative correlations with androgens (total testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate), the modified FerrimanGallwey score and the prevalence of acne and hirsutism. Age had significant positive correlations with fasting glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides and low-density lipoprotein. The 453 women who fulfilled diagnostic criteria for PCOS were classified by age into two groups: Group A (2029 years old, n 294) and Group B (3040 years old, n 159). Group A had significantly higher total testosterone levels than Group B. Group B had higher fasting insulin and glucose levels, triglycerides, body mass index and waist measurements and a higher incidence of obesity than Group A. The average ovarian volume was not significantly different among the two groups. Conclusions: Increased age is accompanied by a decrease in the prevalence of both clinical and biochemical hyperandrogenism in women. Hyperandrogenism is the important factor for young women with PCOS; however, abdominal obesity and certain metabolic disturbances became major concerns for older women with PCOS.",
keywords = "age, hyperandrogenism, metabolic syndrome, polycystic ovary syndrome",
author = "Liang, {So Jung} and Chun-Sen Hsu and Tzeng, {Chii Ruey} and Chen, {Chi Huang} and Hsu, {Ming I.}",
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AU - Chen, Chi Huang

AU - Hsu, Ming I.

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N2 - Background: The clinical features and metabolic complications of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) may change with age. This study was designed to investigate the clinical and biochemical characteristics of PCOS patients between the ages of 20 and 40.Methods: The study included 781 Taiwanese women, of whom 453 were diagnosed with PCOS and 328 were non-PCOS controls. Anthroponmetric components, androgens, endocrine, insulin resistance, and metabolic components were measured and correlated with age. Above parameters were compared between younger and elder women with PCOS.Results: Age had significant negative correlations with androgens (total testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate), the modified FerrimanGallwey score and the prevalence of acne and hirsutism. Age had significant positive correlations with fasting glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides and low-density lipoprotein. The 453 women who fulfilled diagnostic criteria for PCOS were classified by age into two groups: Group A (2029 years old, n 294) and Group B (3040 years old, n 159). Group A had significantly higher total testosterone levels than Group B. Group B had higher fasting insulin and glucose levels, triglycerides, body mass index and waist measurements and a higher incidence of obesity than Group A. The average ovarian volume was not significantly different among the two groups. Conclusions: Increased age is accompanied by a decrease in the prevalence of both clinical and biochemical hyperandrogenism in women. Hyperandrogenism is the important factor for young women with PCOS; however, abdominal obesity and certain metabolic disturbances became major concerns for older women with PCOS.

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