Background and objectives: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. With current use of autofluorescent bronchoscopic imaging to detect early lung cancer and limitations of pathologic examinations, a computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system based on autofluorescent bronchoscopy was proposed to distinguish different pathological cancer types to achieve objective and consistent diagnoses. Methods: The collected database consisted of 12 adenocarcinomas and 11 squamous cell carcinomas. The corresponding autofluorescent bronchoscopic images were first transformed to a hue (H), saturation (S), and value (V) color space to obtain better interpretation of the color information. Color textural features were respectively extracted from the H, S, and V channels and combined in a logistic regression classifier to classify malignant types by machine learning. Results: After feature selection, the proposed CAD system achieved an accuracy of 83% (19/23), a sensitivity of 73% (8/11), a specificity of 92% (11/12), a positive predictive value of 89% (8/9), a negative predictive value of 79% (11/14), and an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.81 for distinguishing lung cancer types. Conclusions: The proposed CAD system based on color textures of autofluorescent bronchoscopic images provides a diagnostic method of malignant types in clinical use.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Science Applications
- Health Informatics