Citrobacter meningitis is an uncommon infection of neonates and young children. It is rarely seen in adults. We describe a 46-year-old man with a mixed bacterial meningitis caused by C. diversus and Klebsiella oxytoca and a 64-year-old woman with C. freundii meningitis. Review of the English-language literature revealed only 2 adult patients with C. diversus meningitis and another 2, with C. freundii meningitis. The ages of these 6 aforementioned patients ranged from 31 to 84 years. Multiple facial fractures, neurosurgical procedures, alcoholism and diabetes mellitus were predisposing conditions. Among the 5 patients whose outcome was known, antibiotic therapy was successful in 4 but failed in 1. This study emphasizes that almost any of the gram-negative bacilli can cause serious infection of the central nervous system in adults in the proper setting.
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