Characterization of purified rat testicular transglutaminase and age-dependent changes of the enzyme activities

Yu Wei Wu, Wen Fu Thomas Lai, Yu Hui Tsai

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

3 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The Ca 2+-dependent tissue transglutaminase is widely distributed in various tissues and has been reported to participate in many cellular growth and differentiation processes. In the past decade, tissue transglutaminase is also identified as a G protein, G αh, for intercellular signaling. To further characterize testicular transglutaminase, the rat testicular transglutaminase was purified by ammonium sulfate precipitation, DEAE ion-exchange, heparin-agarose, and GTP-agarose affinity chromatographies. This purification protocol resulted in a 8400-fold enrichment of the enzyme with a reproducible 15% yield. The purified enzyme showed as a single band of 78 kDa on SDS-polyacrylamide gel. Western blot analysis using anti-liver tissue transglutaminase monoclonal antibody also recognized the enzyme, indicating it is a t-TGase in nature. The K m values of purified testicular transglutaminase for putrescine and N,N-dimethylcasein were determined to be 35 and 17 μM, respectively. Its transglutaminase cross-linking activity was strongly inhibited by EGTA, GTP, polyamines, and cystamine, as well as moderately by ATP and NaCl. The enzyme exhibited a magnesium-dependent GTP-hydrolyzing capacity, but its GTP-binding activity did not require magnesium. Furthermore, the enzyme activity was found to be closely related with the first wave of spermatogenesis. Thus, testicular transglutaminase is speculated to participate in the event of spermatogenesis. In conclusion, the purified testicular transglutaminase displays property of either the tissue-type transglutaminase, or the GTP-binding and hydrolyzing characteristics. The activity of testicular transglutaminase is age-dependent, greatly stimulated during the first wave of spermatogenesis.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)386-396
頁數11
期刊International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology
37
發行號2
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 二月 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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