Cellular processing determinants for the activation of damage signals in response to topoisomerase I-linked DNA breakage

Ting-Hsiang Huang, Hsiang-Chin Chen, Shang-Min Chou, Yu-Chen Yang, Jia-Rong Fan, Tsai-Kun Li

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

13 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Recent studies have suggested an involvement of processing pathways for the initiation of cellular responses induced by topoisomerase-targeting drugs. Here, we showed that cellular exposure to camptothecin (CPT) induced formation of topoisomerase I cleavable complex (TOP1cc), degradation of TOP1 and activation of DNA damage responses (DDR). Transcription and proteasome-dependent proteolysis, but not replication, were involved in CPT-induced TOP1 degradation, while none of above three processing activities affected TOP1cc formation. Replication-and transcription-initiated processing (RIP and TIP) of TOP1cc were identified as two independent pathways, which contribute distinctly to various CPT-activated DDR. Specifically, in cycling cells, RIP-processed TOP1cc triggered the CPT-induced RPA phosphorylation. At higher CPT dosages, the TIP pathway is required for other DDR activation, including ATM, p53 and Chk1/2 phosphorylation. The TIP pathway was further demonstrated to be S-phase independent by using three nonreplicating cell models. Furthermore, the effect of proteasome inhibitors mimicked that of transcription inhibition on the CPT-induced activation of DDR, suggesting the involvement of proteasome in the TIP pathway. Interestingly, the TIP pathway was important for TOP1cc-activated, but not ionization radiation-activated ATM, p53 and Chk2 phosphorylation. We have also found that pharmacological interferences of TIP and RIP pathways distinctively modulated the CPT-induced cell killing with treatments at low and high dosages, respectively. Together, our results support that both RIP and TIP pathways of TOP1cc are required for the activation of CPT-induced DDR and cytotoxicity. © 2010 IBCB, SIBS, CAS. All rights reserved.
頁(從 - 到)1060-1075
期刊Cell Research
出版狀態已發佈 - 2010


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