Calcitriol downregulates fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 through histone deacetylase activation in HL-1 atrial myocytes

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摘要

Background: Fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2 plays a crucial role in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). FGF-2 was reported to induce cardiac hypertrophy through activation of FGF receptor 1 (FGFR1). Multiple laboratory findings indicate that calcitriol may be a potential treatment for CVDs. In this study, we attempted to investigate whether calcitriol regulates FGFR1 expression to modulate the effects of FGF-2 signaling in cardiac myocytes and explored the potential regulatory mechanism. Methods: Western blot, polymerase chain reaction, small interfering RNA, fluorometric activity assay, and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) analyses were used to evaluate FGFR1, FGFR2, FGFR3, FGFR4, phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (p-ERK), β-myosin heavy chain (β-MHC), phosphorylated phospholipase Cγ (p-PLCγ), nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT), and histone deacetylase (HDAC) expressions and enzyme activities in HL-1 atrial myocytes without and with calcitriol (1 and 10 nM) treatment, in the absence and presence of FGF-2 (25 ng/mL) or suberanilohydroxamic acid (SAHA, a pan-HDAC inhibitor, 1 μM). Results: We found that calcitriol-treated HL-1 cells had significantly reduced FGFR1 expression compared to control cells. In contrast, expressions of FGFR2, FGFR3, and FGFR4 were similar between calcitriol-treated and control HL-1 cells. FGF-2-treated HL-1 cells had similar PLCγ phosphorylation and nuclear/cytoplasmic NFAT expressions compared to control cells. FGF-2 induced lower expressions of p-ERK and β-MHC in calcitriol-treated HL-1 cells than in control cells. FGFR1-knockdown blocked FGF-2 signaling and reversed the protective effects of calcitriol. Compared to control cells, calcitriol-treated HL-1 cells had higher nuclear HDAC activity. The ChIP analysis demonstrated a significant decrease in acetyl-histone H4, which is associated with an increase in HDAC3 in the FGFR1 promoter. Calcitriol-mediated FGFR1 downregulation was attenuated in the presence of SAHA. Conclusions: Calcitriol diminished FGFR1 expression through HDAC activation, which ameliorated the harmful effects of FGF-2 on cardiac myocytes.
原文英語
文章編號42
期刊Journal of Biomedical Science
25
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 五月 18 2018

指紋

Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1
Histone Deacetylases
Calcitriol
Muscle Cells
Fibroblast Growth Factor 1
Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptors
Fibroblast Growth Factor 2
Down-Regulation
Chemical activation
NFATC Transcription Factors
Chromatin Immunoprecipitation
Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases
Cardiac Myocytes
Chromatin
Cardiovascular Diseases
Histone Deacetylase 1
Phosphorylation
Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors
Myosin Heavy Chains
Polymerase chain reaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Pharmacology (medical)

引用此文

@article{49596b8c65fa41c788b30b3d2af8bda7,
title = "Calcitriol downregulates fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 through histone deacetylase activation in HL-1 atrial myocytes",
abstract = "Background: Fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2 plays a crucial role in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). FGF-2 was reported to induce cardiac hypertrophy through activation of FGF receptor 1 (FGFR1). Multiple laboratory findings indicate that calcitriol may be a potential treatment for CVDs. In this study, we attempted to investigate whether calcitriol regulates FGFR1 expression to modulate the effects of FGF-2 signaling in cardiac myocytes and explored the potential regulatory mechanism. Methods: Western blot, polymerase chain reaction, small interfering RNA, fluorometric activity assay, and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) analyses were used to evaluate FGFR1, FGFR2, FGFR3, FGFR4, phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (p-ERK), β-myosin heavy chain (β-MHC), phosphorylated phospholipase Cγ (p-PLCγ), nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT), and histone deacetylase (HDAC) expressions and enzyme activities in HL-1 atrial myocytes without and with calcitriol (1 and 10 nM) treatment, in the absence and presence of FGF-2 (25 ng/mL) or suberanilohydroxamic acid (SAHA, a pan-HDAC inhibitor, 1 μM). Results: We found that calcitriol-treated HL-1 cells had significantly reduced FGFR1 expression compared to control cells. In contrast, expressions of FGFR2, FGFR3, and FGFR4 were similar between calcitriol-treated and control HL-1 cells. FGF-2-treated HL-1 cells had similar PLCγ phosphorylation and nuclear/cytoplasmic NFAT expressions compared to control cells. FGF-2 induced lower expressions of p-ERK and β-MHC in calcitriol-treated HL-1 cells than in control cells. FGFR1-knockdown blocked FGF-2 signaling and reversed the protective effects of calcitriol. Compared to control cells, calcitriol-treated HL-1 cells had higher nuclear HDAC activity. The ChIP analysis demonstrated a significant decrease in acetyl-histone H4, which is associated with an increase in HDAC3 in the FGFR1 promoter. Calcitriol-mediated FGFR1 downregulation was attenuated in the presence of SAHA. Conclusions: Calcitriol diminished FGFR1 expression through HDAC activation, which ameliorated the harmful effects of FGF-2 on cardiac myocytes.",
keywords = "Calcitriol, Cardiomyocyte, Fibroblast growth factor receptor, Histone deacetylase, Vitamin D",
author = "Lee, {Ting Wei} and Lee, {Ting I.} and Lin, {Yung Kuo} and Kao, {Yu Hsun} and Chen, {Yi Jen}",
year = "2018",
month = "5",
day = "18",
doi = "10.1186/s12929-018-0443-3",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
journal = "Journal of Biomedical Science",
issn = "1021-7770",
publisher = "BioMed Central",
number = "1",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Calcitriol downregulates fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 through histone deacetylase activation in HL-1 atrial myocytes

AU - Lee, Ting Wei

AU - Lee, Ting I.

AU - Lin, Yung Kuo

AU - Kao, Yu Hsun

AU - Chen, Yi Jen

PY - 2018/5/18

Y1 - 2018/5/18

N2 - Background: Fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2 plays a crucial role in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). FGF-2 was reported to induce cardiac hypertrophy through activation of FGF receptor 1 (FGFR1). Multiple laboratory findings indicate that calcitriol may be a potential treatment for CVDs. In this study, we attempted to investigate whether calcitriol regulates FGFR1 expression to modulate the effects of FGF-2 signaling in cardiac myocytes and explored the potential regulatory mechanism. Methods: Western blot, polymerase chain reaction, small interfering RNA, fluorometric activity assay, and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) analyses were used to evaluate FGFR1, FGFR2, FGFR3, FGFR4, phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (p-ERK), β-myosin heavy chain (β-MHC), phosphorylated phospholipase Cγ (p-PLCγ), nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT), and histone deacetylase (HDAC) expressions and enzyme activities in HL-1 atrial myocytes without and with calcitriol (1 and 10 nM) treatment, in the absence and presence of FGF-2 (25 ng/mL) or suberanilohydroxamic acid (SAHA, a pan-HDAC inhibitor, 1 μM). Results: We found that calcitriol-treated HL-1 cells had significantly reduced FGFR1 expression compared to control cells. In contrast, expressions of FGFR2, FGFR3, and FGFR4 were similar between calcitriol-treated and control HL-1 cells. FGF-2-treated HL-1 cells had similar PLCγ phosphorylation and nuclear/cytoplasmic NFAT expressions compared to control cells. FGF-2 induced lower expressions of p-ERK and β-MHC in calcitriol-treated HL-1 cells than in control cells. FGFR1-knockdown blocked FGF-2 signaling and reversed the protective effects of calcitriol. Compared to control cells, calcitriol-treated HL-1 cells had higher nuclear HDAC activity. The ChIP analysis demonstrated a significant decrease in acetyl-histone H4, which is associated with an increase in HDAC3 in the FGFR1 promoter. Calcitriol-mediated FGFR1 downregulation was attenuated in the presence of SAHA. Conclusions: Calcitriol diminished FGFR1 expression through HDAC activation, which ameliorated the harmful effects of FGF-2 on cardiac myocytes.

AB - Background: Fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2 plays a crucial role in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). FGF-2 was reported to induce cardiac hypertrophy through activation of FGF receptor 1 (FGFR1). Multiple laboratory findings indicate that calcitriol may be a potential treatment for CVDs. In this study, we attempted to investigate whether calcitriol regulates FGFR1 expression to modulate the effects of FGF-2 signaling in cardiac myocytes and explored the potential regulatory mechanism. Methods: Western blot, polymerase chain reaction, small interfering RNA, fluorometric activity assay, and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) analyses were used to evaluate FGFR1, FGFR2, FGFR3, FGFR4, phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (p-ERK), β-myosin heavy chain (β-MHC), phosphorylated phospholipase Cγ (p-PLCγ), nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT), and histone deacetylase (HDAC) expressions and enzyme activities in HL-1 atrial myocytes without and with calcitriol (1 and 10 nM) treatment, in the absence and presence of FGF-2 (25 ng/mL) or suberanilohydroxamic acid (SAHA, a pan-HDAC inhibitor, 1 μM). Results: We found that calcitriol-treated HL-1 cells had significantly reduced FGFR1 expression compared to control cells. In contrast, expressions of FGFR2, FGFR3, and FGFR4 were similar between calcitriol-treated and control HL-1 cells. FGF-2-treated HL-1 cells had similar PLCγ phosphorylation and nuclear/cytoplasmic NFAT expressions compared to control cells. FGF-2 induced lower expressions of p-ERK and β-MHC in calcitriol-treated HL-1 cells than in control cells. FGFR1-knockdown blocked FGF-2 signaling and reversed the protective effects of calcitriol. Compared to control cells, calcitriol-treated HL-1 cells had higher nuclear HDAC activity. The ChIP analysis demonstrated a significant decrease in acetyl-histone H4, which is associated with an increase in HDAC3 in the FGFR1 promoter. Calcitriol-mediated FGFR1 downregulation was attenuated in the presence of SAHA. Conclusions: Calcitriol diminished FGFR1 expression through HDAC activation, which ameliorated the harmful effects of FGF-2 on cardiac myocytes.

KW - Calcitriol

KW - Cardiomyocyte

KW - Fibroblast growth factor receptor

KW - Histone deacetylase

KW - Vitamin D

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U2 - 10.1186/s12929-018-0443-3

DO - 10.1186/s12929-018-0443-3

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85047195113

VL - 25

JO - Journal of Biomedical Science

JF - Journal of Biomedical Science

SN - 1021-7770

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