Infection with dengue virus (DV) causes diseases ranging from self-limiied. dengue fever to life-threatening dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome. Vascular leakage, thrombocytopenia and bleeding are the clinical manifestations associated with dengue hemorrhage. We previously showed that anti-DV nonstructural protein 1 (NS1) antibodies (Abs) cross-reacted with endothelial cells. The potential target proteins on endothelial cell surface recognized by anti-DV NSI Abs showed sequence homology with the C-terminal amino acids (a.a.) 311-352.of DV NS1. In this study, the role of NS1 C-terminal region in dengue autoimmunity was investigated. We deleted the a.a. 277-352 of DV NS1 to prepare truncated NS1 (tNS1) and generated anti-DV tNS1 Abs in mice. The endothelial cell-binding activity of anti-DV tNS1 Abs was lower than that of anti-DV NS1 Abs. In addition, the endothelial cell-binding activity of anti-DV NS1 Abs was inhibited by preabsorption with DV NS1 but not with DV tNS1 proteins. The anti-P311 (a.a. 311-330) and anti-P331 (a.a. 331-350) titers of dengue patient sera were positively correlated with their endothelial cell-binding activity. Dengue patient sera showed lower binding activity to DV tNS1 than to DV NS1 proteins. The endothelial cell-binding activity of dengue patient sera was inhibited by preabsorption with P311 and P331. This study helps to understand the molecular mechanisms of autoimmunity mediated by anti-DV NS1 Abs and to provide the potential implications of tNS1 in dengue vaccine strategies.
|頁（從 - 到）||85-91|
|期刊||American Journal of Infectious Diseases|
|出版狀態||已發佈 - 2008|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases