A specific α-oxoamine synthase (VsAOS-2) and an oxidoreductase (VsOR) identified from marine Vibrio sp. QWI-06 were involved in the decarboxylative condensation of l-tyrosine to lauroyl-CoA following the reduction of the ketone group to form vitroprocine-type compound 1. The intermediates and products were characterized through HR-MS and their MS/MS fragmentations. This study reveals the biosynthetic pathway of vitroprocines and provides a useful model for elucidating the reaction mechanism underlying the production of amino acid-polyketide derivatives in microorganisms.
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