The reconstruction of a symmetrical bilateral cleft lip and a natural looking nose with adequate columella length is a difficult challenge. The integrated multidisciplinary approach with presurgical nasoaveolar molding, modification of surgical techniques, and postoperative scar management and maintenance of the reconstructed nasal shape can give a more consistent better result. Better understandings of the primary pathology and refined surgical technique have resulted in a decrease of severity in secondary deformities and the classic stigmata of the repaired cleft. The key surgical principles and steps are presented in this chapter.
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Lu, T. C., See, U. C., Chen, P. K. T., & Noordhoff, M. S. (2016). Bilateral complete cleft lip repair and primary semi-open rhinoplasty. 於 Operative Dictations in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (頁 227-230). Springer International Publishing AG. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-40631-2_53