Breast deformities after augmentation with injectable materials carried out by uncertified medical personnel present challenging problems. Materials include liquid silicone, paraffin, polyacrylamide hydrogels, and unknown gels. They usually cause granulomatous reactions, erythema, pain, and even skin necrosis. Tender masses that cannot be differentiated from breast cancers are the major concern. This retrospective study presents the authors' experience in managing 10 symptomatic injected breasts in five patients during the past 8 years. Subcutaneous mastectomies were carried out using periareolar, inverted "T", or inframammary approaches combined with breast reconstruction using bilateral pedicled transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) flaps. All flaps survived well and gave a satisfactory cosmetic appearance. There was no major complication or late occurrence of breast cancers over the following 8 years. Injectable materials used for breast augmentation should be prohibited until more scientific data are available about the long-term effect of these materials in breast tissues. Once the injected breasts become symptomatic, subcutaneous mastectomy and reconstruction with bilateral pedicled TRAM flaps is a reasonable option for the patient.
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