BHLHE22 Expression Is Associated with a Proinflammatory Immune Microenvironment and Confers a Favorable Prognosis in Endometrial Cancer

Darmawi, Lin Yu Chen, Po Hsuan Su, Phui Ly Liew, Hui Chen Wang, Yu Chun Weng, Rui Lan Huang, Hung Cheng Lai

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Endometrial cancer (EC) rates are rising annually. Additional prediction markers need to be evaluated because only 10–20% of EC cases show an objective response to immune-checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs). Our previous methylomic study found that BHLHE22 is hypermethylated in EC tissues and can be detected using a Pap-smear sample. BHLHE22, a basic helix loop helix transcription factor family member, is known as a transcriptional repressor and is involved in cell differentiation. However, the role of BHLHE22 in EC remains poorly understood. Herein, we analyzed BHLHE22 expression in 54 paired cancer and normal endometrial tissue samples, and confirmed with databases (TCGA, GTEx, and human protein atlas). We found that BHLHE22 protein expression was significantly downregulated in EC compared with normal endometrium. High BHLHE22 expression was associated with microsatellite-instable subtype, endometrioid type, grade, and age. It showed a significant favorable survival. BHLHE22 overexpression inhibited the proliferation and migration of EC cells. Functional enrichment analysis showed that BHLHE22 was significantly associated with immune-related pathways. Furthermore, BHLHE22 was positively correlated with proinflammatory leukocyte infiltration and expression of chemokine genes in EC. In conclusion, BHLHE22 regulates immune-related pathways and modulates the immune microenvironment of EC.
原文英語
文章編號7158
期刊International journal of molecular sciences
23
發行號13
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 7月 1 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 催化
  • 分子生物學
  • 光譜
  • 電腦科學應用
  • 物理與理論化學
  • 有機化學
  • 無機化學

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