Betulinic acid affects the energy-related proteomic profiling in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma cells

Ching Feng Chiu, Hsin Yi Chang, Chun Yine Huang, Chen Zou Mau, Tzu Ting Kuo, Hsiu Chuan Lee, Shih Yi Huang

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

摘要

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is an aggressive disease with a 5-year survival rate of <8%. Therefore, finding new treatment strategies against PDAC cells is an imperative issue. Betulinic acid (BA), a plant-derived natural compound, has shown great potential to combat cancer owing to its versatile physiological functions. In this study, we observed the impacts of BA on the cell viability and migratory ability of PDAC cell lines, and screened differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) by an LC-MS/MS-based proteomics analysis. Our results showed that BA significantly inhibited the viability and migratory ability of PDAC cells under a relatively low dosage without affecting normal pancreatic cells. Moreover, a functional analysis revealed that BA-induced downregulation of protein clusters that participate in mitochondrial complex 1 activity and oxidative phosphorylation, which was related to decreased expressions of RNA polymerase mitochondrial (POLRMT) and translational activator of cytochrome c oxidase (TACO1), suggesting that the influence on mitochondrial function explains the effect of BA on PDAC cell growth and migration. In addition, BA also dramatically increased Apolipoprotein A1 (APOA1) expression and decreased NLR family CARD domain-containing protein 4 (NLRC4) expression, which may be involved in the dampening of PDAC migration. Notably, altered expression patterns of APOA1 and NLRC4 indicated a favorable clinical prognosis of PDAC. Based on these findings, we identified potential proteins and pathways regulated by BA from a proteomics perspective, which provides a therapeutic window for PDAC.

原文英語
文章編號2482
期刊Molecules
26
發行號9
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 分析化學
  • 化學(雜項)
  • 分子醫學
  • 藥學科學
  • 藥物發現
  • 物理與理論化學
  • 有機化學

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