Benefits of different intensity of aerobic exercise in modulating body composition among obese young adults: A pilot randomized controlled trial

Chih Hui Chiu, Ming Chen Ko, Long Shan Wu, Ding Peng Yeh, Nai Wen Kan, Po Fu Lee, Jenn Woei Hsieh, Ching Yu Tseng, Chien Chang Ho

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

3 引文 (Scopus)

摘要

Background: The aim of present study was to compare the effects of different aerobic exercise intensities and energy expenditures on the body composition of sedentary obese college students in Taiwan. Methods: Forty-eight obese participants [body mass index (BMI) ≥ 27 kg/m2, age 18-26 years] were randomized into four equal groups (n = 12): light-intensity training group (LITG), 40%-50% heart rate reserve (HRR); middle-intensity training group (MITG), 50%-70% HRR; high-intensity training group (HITG), 70%-80% HRR; and control group (CG). The aerobic exercise training program was conducted for 60 min per day on a treadmill 3 days per week for 12 weeks. All participant anthropometric data, blood biochemical parameters, and health-related physical fitness components were measured at baseline and after 12 weeks. Results: At baseline, the anthropometric indices did not differ significantly among the four groups (p > 0.05). After 12-week exercise intervention, the HITG and MITG had significantly more changes in body weight, waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) than the LITG. The changes in BMI and body fat percentage differed among all four groups (p < 0.05). Conclusions: A 12-week high-intensity exercise intervention with high energy expenditure can considerably reduce body weight, body fat, WC, WHR, and WHtR, whereas a light-intensity exercise intervention can significantly reduce body weight and body fat. Trial registration: Current Controlled Trials TPECTR09831410900 , registered on 24th Dec 2009.
原文英語
文章編號168
期刊Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
15
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 八月 24 2017

指紋

Body Composition
Young Adult
Randomized Controlled Trials
Exercise
Adipose Tissue
Waist-Hip Ratio
Heart Rate
Waist Circumference
Light
Energy Metabolism
Body Mass Index
Body Weight
Body Weight Changes
compound A 12
Physical Fitness
Taiwan
Students
Education
Control Groups
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

引用此文

Benefits of different intensity of aerobic exercise in modulating body composition among obese young adults : A pilot randomized controlled trial. / Chiu, Chih Hui; Ko, Ming Chen; Wu, Long Shan; Yeh, Ding Peng; Kan, Nai Wen; Lee, Po Fu; Hsieh, Jenn Woei; Tseng, Ching Yu; Ho, Chien Chang.

於: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 卷 15, 編號 1, 168, 24.08.2017.

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

Chiu, Chih Hui ; Ko, Ming Chen ; Wu, Long Shan ; Yeh, Ding Peng ; Kan, Nai Wen ; Lee, Po Fu ; Hsieh, Jenn Woei ; Tseng, Ching Yu ; Ho, Chien Chang. / Benefits of different intensity of aerobic exercise in modulating body composition among obese young adults : A pilot randomized controlled trial. 於: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. 2017 ; 卷 15, 編號 1.
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abstract = "Background: The aim of present study was to compare the effects of different aerobic exercise intensities and energy expenditures on the body composition of sedentary obese college students in Taiwan. Methods: Forty-eight obese participants [body mass index (BMI) ≥ 27 kg/m2, age 18-26 years] were randomized into four equal groups (n = 12): light-intensity training group (LITG), 40{\%}-50{\%} heart rate reserve (HRR); middle-intensity training group (MITG), 50{\%}-70{\%} HRR; high-intensity training group (HITG), 70{\%}-80{\%} HRR; and control group (CG). The aerobic exercise training program was conducted for 60 min per day on a treadmill 3 days per week for 12 weeks. All participant anthropometric data, blood biochemical parameters, and health-related physical fitness components were measured at baseline and after 12 weeks. Results: At baseline, the anthropometric indices did not differ significantly among the four groups (p > 0.05). After 12-week exercise intervention, the HITG and MITG had significantly more changes in body weight, waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) than the LITG. The changes in BMI and body fat percentage differed among all four groups (p < 0.05). Conclusions: A 12-week high-intensity exercise intervention with high energy expenditure can considerably reduce body weight, body fat, WC, WHR, and WHtR, whereas a light-intensity exercise intervention can significantly reduce body weight and body fat. Trial registration: Current Controlled Trials TPECTR09831410900 , registered on 24th Dec 2009.",
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T1 - Benefits of different intensity of aerobic exercise in modulating body composition among obese young adults

T2 - A pilot randomized controlled trial

AU - Chiu, Chih Hui

AU - Ko, Ming Chen

AU - Wu, Long Shan

AU - Yeh, Ding Peng

AU - Kan, Nai Wen

AU - Lee, Po Fu

AU - Hsieh, Jenn Woei

AU - Tseng, Ching Yu

AU - Ho, Chien Chang

PY - 2017/8/24

Y1 - 2017/8/24

N2 - Background: The aim of present study was to compare the effects of different aerobic exercise intensities and energy expenditures on the body composition of sedentary obese college students in Taiwan. Methods: Forty-eight obese participants [body mass index (BMI) ≥ 27 kg/m2, age 18-26 years] were randomized into four equal groups (n = 12): light-intensity training group (LITG), 40%-50% heart rate reserve (HRR); middle-intensity training group (MITG), 50%-70% HRR; high-intensity training group (HITG), 70%-80% HRR; and control group (CG). The aerobic exercise training program was conducted for 60 min per day on a treadmill 3 days per week for 12 weeks. All participant anthropometric data, blood biochemical parameters, and health-related physical fitness components were measured at baseline and after 12 weeks. Results: At baseline, the anthropometric indices did not differ significantly among the four groups (p > 0.05). After 12-week exercise intervention, the HITG and MITG had significantly more changes in body weight, waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) than the LITG. The changes in BMI and body fat percentage differed among all four groups (p < 0.05). Conclusions: A 12-week high-intensity exercise intervention with high energy expenditure can considerably reduce body weight, body fat, WC, WHR, and WHtR, whereas a light-intensity exercise intervention can significantly reduce body weight and body fat. Trial registration: Current Controlled Trials TPECTR09831410900 , registered on 24th Dec 2009.

AB - Background: The aim of present study was to compare the effects of different aerobic exercise intensities and energy expenditures on the body composition of sedentary obese college students in Taiwan. Methods: Forty-eight obese participants [body mass index (BMI) ≥ 27 kg/m2, age 18-26 years] were randomized into four equal groups (n = 12): light-intensity training group (LITG), 40%-50% heart rate reserve (HRR); middle-intensity training group (MITG), 50%-70% HRR; high-intensity training group (HITG), 70%-80% HRR; and control group (CG). The aerobic exercise training program was conducted for 60 min per day on a treadmill 3 days per week for 12 weeks. All participant anthropometric data, blood biochemical parameters, and health-related physical fitness components were measured at baseline and after 12 weeks. Results: At baseline, the anthropometric indices did not differ significantly among the four groups (p > 0.05). After 12-week exercise intervention, the HITG and MITG had significantly more changes in body weight, waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) than the LITG. The changes in BMI and body fat percentage differed among all four groups (p < 0.05). Conclusions: A 12-week high-intensity exercise intervention with high energy expenditure can considerably reduce body weight, body fat, WC, WHR, and WHtR, whereas a light-intensity exercise intervention can significantly reduce body weight and body fat. Trial registration: Current Controlled Trials TPECTR09831410900 , registered on 24th Dec 2009.

KW - Aerobic exercise

KW - Body composition

KW - Exercise intensity

KW - Obesity

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