Automatic Detection of Meniscus Tears Using Backbone Convolutional Neural Networks on Knee MRI

Truong Nguyen Khanh Hung, Vu Pham Thao Vy, Nguyen Minh Tri, Le Ngoc Hoang, Le Van Tuan, Quang Thai Ho, Nguyen Quoc Khanh Le, Jiunn Horng Kang

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

摘要

Background: Timely diagnosis of meniscus injuries is key for preventing knee joint dysfunction and improving patient outcomes because it decreases morbidity and facilitates treatment planning. Purpose: To train and evaluate a deep learning model for automated detection of meniscus tears on knee magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Study type: Bicentric retrospective study. Subjects: In total, 584 knee MRI studies, divided among training (n = 234), testing (n = 200), and external validation (n = 150) data sets, were used in this study. The public data set MRNet was used as a second external validation data set to evaluate the performance of the model. Sequence: A 3 T, coronal, and sagittal images from T1-weighted proton density (PD) fast spin-echo (FSE) with fat saturation and T2-weighted FSE with fat saturation sequences. Assessment: The detection system for meniscus tear was based on the improved YOLOv4 model with Darknet-53 as the backbone. The performance of the model was also compared with that of three radiologists of varying levels of experience. The determination of the presence of a meniscus tear from surgery reports was used as the ground truth for the images. Statistical Tests: Sensitivity, specificity, prevalence, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, accuracy, and receiver operating characteristic curve were used to evaluate the performance of the detection model. Two-way analysis of variance, Wilcoxon signed-rank test, and Tukey's multiple tests were used to evaluate differences in performance between the model and radiologists. Results: The overall accuracies for detecting meniscus tears using our model on the internal testing, internal validation, and external validation data sets were 95.4%, 95.8%, and 78.8%, respectively. One radiologist had significantly lower performance than our model in detecting meniscal tears (accuracy: 0.9025 ± 0.093 vs. 0.9580 ± 0.025). Data Conclusion: The proposed model had high sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for detecting meniscus tears on knee MRIs. Evidence Level: 3. Technical Efficacy: Stage 2.

原文英語
期刊Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
DOIs
出版狀態接受/付印 - 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 放射學、核子醫學和影像學

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