Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) is involved in megakaryocytopoiesis and is secreted into the culture medium during megakaryocytic differentiation of human leukemic cells. We investigate whether PDGF plays a role in the regulation of the adapter protein Disabled-2 (DAB2) that expresses abundantly in platelets and megakaryocytes. Western blot analysis revealed that conditioned medium from 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-treated, megakaryocytic differentiating K562 cells upregulated DAB2 expression. DAB2 induction and megakaryocytic differentiation was abrogated when cells were co-treated with the PDGF receptor inhibitor STI571 or when the conditioned medium was derived from TPA-plus STI571-treated cells. Although the level of PDGF mRNA was not altered by STI571, an approximate 44% decrease in PDGF in the conditioned medium was observed. Consistent with these findings, interfering PDGF signaling by PDGF neutralization antibody or dominant negative PDGF receptors attenuated DAB2 expression. Accordingly, transfection of an expression plasmid encoding secreted PDGF upregulated DAB2. This study shows for the first time that PDGF autocrine signaling regulates DAB2 expression during megakaryocytic differentiation.
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