The world’s population is aging, and the prevalence of hip fracture is rising. Vitamin D deficiency is a risk factor for hip fracture and predicts functional recovery and survival following hip fracture surgery. This cross-sectional study identified the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in Taiwanese older patients with hip fracture and potential risk factors for vitamin D deficiency. Data from older adults with hip fracture admitted to a single medical center in Taipei, Taiwan were prospectively collected. The preoperative serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration and comprehensive clinical history of each patient were examined. A multinomial logistic regression model was used to compare the clinical characteristics of deficient, insufficient, and sufficient 25(OH)D concentration groups. The cohort comprised 310 older adults with hip fracture. The mean age was 80±10 y. The deficient, insufficient, and sufficient groups comprised 180, 84, and 46 patients (58.1%, 27.1%, and 14.8%), respectively. Univariate analysis revealed significant intergroup differences in serum albumin level and body fat percentage and marginally significant differences in serum albumin, estimated glomerular filtration rate, body mass index, and comorbidities of affective or psychotic disorders. In the multinomial logistic regression model, albumin level was the only factor significantly correlated with higher 25(OH)D concentrations in the sufficient and insufficient groups compared with the deficient group. No variable, including preinjury functional status, was significantly correlated with vitamin D deficiency except malnutrition. Our findings may aid the establishment of a robust screening and treatment program for vitamin D deficiency.
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