Background: Metabolic syndrome's (MetS) role in predicting cardiovascular diseases and diabetes has been confirmed in many large cohort studies. Nontraditionally, hematogram components are significantly related to MetS in many different age groups. However, little is known about its role among the elderly. Methods: We enrolled 18,907 subjects over the age of 65 years who underwent regular health examinations. They were divided into three groups according to age: young old (YO: ≥ 65 and <74 years old), old old (OO: ≥ 75 and <84 years old), and oldest old (ODO: ≥ 85 years old). The MetS components were determined, and correlations between MetS and hematogram components were evaluated using Pearson and multivariate linear regression analyses. The hematogram components were the independent variables evaluated separately against the dependent variable (MetS components). Results: While SBP and HDL-C increased, most other MetS and hematogram parameters decreased in men with age. Fewer significant differences were noted among the women. In the YO and OO groups for both genders, the subjects with MetS had higher WBC and Hb. None of the hematogram components were different for subjects with or without MetS in the ODO group. Multiple regression results show that most of the relationships between hematogram and MetS components disappeared in the ODO groups. The WBC levels were mainly correlated with WC and TG. At the same time, Hb was associated with BP, FPG, and LDL-C. Compared to WBC and Hb, PLT was least related to MetS, except in the cases of LDL-C and TG. Among the MetS components, BMI, LDL-C, and TG were consistently related to all the hematogram components in YO and OO men. However, only TG had the same consistency among YO and OO women. Conclusions: This study's three major findings are as follows: WBC and Hb are associated with MetS, even among the YO and OO groups, regardless of gender; among the three hematogram components, Hb had the strongest and PLT had the weakest correlation with MetS; and TG is not the only component with relatively higher r values, and it is related to all hematogram components.
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