Association between dietary pattern, lifestyle, anthropometric status, and anemia-related biomarkers among adults: A population-based study from 2001 to 2015

Rathi Paramastri, Chien Yeh Hsu, Hsiu An Lee, Li Yin Lin, Adi Lukas Kurniawan, Jane C.J. Chao

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Inadequate dietary intake, poor nutritional status, heavy smoking, and alcohol consumption are associated with the risk of anemia. The objective of this study was to investigate the associations between dietary patterns, lifestyle, nutritional status, and anemia-related biomarkers among adults using a multivariable regression model. Taiwanese adults aged 20–45 years (n = 118,924, 43,055 men and 75,869 women) were obtained from the Mei Jau Health Management Institution database, between 2001 and 2015, for data analysis. The anemia–inflammation-related dietary pattern was derived by reduced rank regression analysis. Dietary patterns with high intakes of eggs, meat, organ meats, rice or flour products, fried foods, sugary beverages, and processed foods significantly increased the risk of anemia, and was associated with decreased hemoglobin, hematocrit, and red blood cells, but increased white blood cells and C-reactive protein levels. Moreover, current alcohol drinkers, as well as people who were underweight, overweight, obese, and central obese, were more likely to increase their risk of anemia by 46%, 20%, 23%, 34%, and 28%, respectively. Interestingly, participants who are current or past smokers were inversely associated with risk of anemia. In conclusion, adherence to the anemia–inflammation dietary pattern was associated with an increased risk of anemia in Taiwanese adults. Furthermore, abnormal weight status and alcohol drinking were correlated with an increased risk of anemia.

原文英語
文章編號3438
期刊International journal of environmental research and public health
18
發行號7
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 四月 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 公共衛生、環境和職業健康
  • 健康、毒理學和誘變

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