BACKGROUND Exposure to environmental pollutants promotes Th2 cell responses. Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) activation aggravates allergic responses. Epithelium-derived thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), interleukin (IL)-25 and IL-33 are implicated in the dysregulation of Th2 immune responses in severe allergic asthma. METHODS Bronchial biopsies of 28 allergic severe asthma and 6 mild asthma subjects from highly polluted areas were analyzed for AhR nuclear translocation (NT), cytokine expression and gene activation. Cultured primary epithelial cells were stimulated with diesel exhausted particles (DEP) to determine AhR-mediated IL-33, Il-25 and TSLP synthesis and release. RESULTS Primary bronchial epithelial cells exposed to DEP showed up-regulation of IL-33, IL-25 and TSLP. These effects were abolished by knock-down of AhR by siRNA. Increased AhR/ARNT binding to promoters of IL-33, IL-25, and TSLP was found using chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay. Allergic severe asthma with high AhR NT had higher bronchial gene and protein expression of IL-33, IL-25 and TSLP. These patients derived clinical benefit from anti-IgE treatment. CONCLUSION AhR activation by DEP mediates up-regulation of IL-33, IL-25 and TSLP with Th2 activation, potentially linking environmental pollution and allergic severe asthma. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
|頁（從 - 到）||2192-2204|
|期刊||Allergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology|
|出版狀態||已發佈 - 十一月 1 2018|
ASJC Scopus subject areas