Existing prognostic models to predict the neurological recovery in patients with cardiac arrest receiving targeted temperature management (TTM) either exhibit moderate accuracy or are too complicated for clinical application. This necessitates the development of a simple and generalizable prediction model to inform clinical decision-making for patients receiving TTM. The present study explores the predictive validity of the Cardiac Arrest Survival Post-resuscitation In-hospital (CASPRI) score in cardiac arrest patients receiving TTM, regardless of cardiac event location, and uses artificial neural network (ANN) algorithms to boost the prediction performance. This retrospective observational study evaluated the prognostic relevance of the CASPRI score and applied ANN to develop outcome prediction models in a cohort of 570 patients with cardiac arrest and treated with TTM between 2014 and 2019 in a nationwide multicenter registry in Taiwan. In univariate logistic regression analysis, the CASPRI score was significantly associated with neurological outcome, with the area under the receiver operating characteristics curve (AUC) of 0.811. The generated ANN model, based on 10 items of the CASPRI score, achieved a training AUC of 0.976 and validation AUC of 0.921, with the accuracy, precision, sensitivity, and specificity of 89.2%, 91.6%, 87.6%, and 91.2%, respectively, for the validation set. CASPRI score has prognostic relevance in patients who received TTM after cardiac arrest. The generated ANN-boosted, CASPRI-based model exhibited good performance for predicting TTM neurological outcome, thus, we propose its clinical application to improve outcome prediction, facilitate decision-making, and formulate individualized therapeutic plans for patients receiving TTM.
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