Arrhythmogenic activity of cardiac muscle in pulmonary veins of the dog: Implication for the genesis of atrial fibrillation

Yi J. Chen, Shih A. Chen, Mau Song Chang, Cheng I. Lin

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

227 引文 (Scopus)

摘要

Objective: Pulmonary veins are important foci of ectopic beats to initiate paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. The purpose of this study were to investigate the electrophysiological characteristics of excitable cells in canine pulmonary veins obtained from healthy and chronic rapid atrial pacing dogs and their responses to cardioactive agents. Methods: Transmembrane action potentials (APs) were recorded from multiple sites of pulmonary veins isolated from 17 healthy dogs and 14 dogs with chronic (6-8 weeks) rapid atrial pacing (780 bpm). Results: In normal superfusate, several types of electrical activities were identified, including silent electrical activity, fast response APs driven by electrical stimulation, and spontaneous fast or slow response APs (with or without early afterdepolarizations). The incidences of AP with an early afterdepolarization (93% versus 41%) was greater in chronic pacing dogs. The spontaneous activities were depressed by beta-adrenoceptor blocker, calcium channel blocker, adenosine and acetylcholine. High frequency (>8 Hz) irregular rhythms occurred spontaneously or were induced by cardioactive agents or electrical stimuli. The incidence of spontaneously occurring tachyarrhythmias was much higher in preparations from chronic pacing dogs (93%) than from control (12%). The tachyarrhythmias were suppressed by sodium channel blocker, potassium channel blocker or magnesium. Conclusions: Pulmonary veins have arrhythmogenic ability through spontaneous activities or high-frequency irregular rhythms. The higher incidence of spontaneously occurring high-frequency irregular rhythms in chronic rapid atrial pacing dogs may account for the increased risk of atrial fibrillation in these dogs. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)265-273
頁數9
期刊Cardiovascular Research
48
發行號2
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 2000

指紋

Pulmonary Veins
Atrial Fibrillation
Myocardium
Dogs
Action Potentials
Tachycardia
Incidence
Potassium Channel Blockers
Sodium Channel Blockers
Calcium Channel Blockers
Membrane Potentials
Adenosine
Adrenergic Receptors
Magnesium
Electric Stimulation
Acetylcholine
Canidae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

引用此文

Arrhythmogenic activity of cardiac muscle in pulmonary veins of the dog : Implication for the genesis of atrial fibrillation. / Chen, Yi J.; Chen, Shih A.; Chang, Mau Song; Lin, Cheng I.

於: Cardiovascular Research, 卷 48, 編號 2, 2000, p. 265-273.

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

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abstract = "Objective: Pulmonary veins are important foci of ectopic beats to initiate paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. The purpose of this study were to investigate the electrophysiological characteristics of excitable cells in canine pulmonary veins obtained from healthy and chronic rapid atrial pacing dogs and their responses to cardioactive agents. Methods: Transmembrane action potentials (APs) were recorded from multiple sites of pulmonary veins isolated from 17 healthy dogs and 14 dogs with chronic (6-8 weeks) rapid atrial pacing (780 bpm). Results: In normal superfusate, several types of electrical activities were identified, including silent electrical activity, fast response APs driven by electrical stimulation, and spontaneous fast or slow response APs (with or without early afterdepolarizations). The incidences of AP with an early afterdepolarization (93{\%} versus 41{\%}) was greater in chronic pacing dogs. The spontaneous activities were depressed by beta-adrenoceptor blocker, calcium channel blocker, adenosine and acetylcholine. High frequency (>8 Hz) irregular rhythms occurred spontaneously or were induced by cardioactive agents or electrical stimuli. The incidence of spontaneously occurring tachyarrhythmias was much higher in preparations from chronic pacing dogs (93{\%}) than from control (12{\%}). The tachyarrhythmias were suppressed by sodium channel blocker, potassium channel blocker or magnesium. Conclusions: Pulmonary veins have arrhythmogenic ability through spontaneous activities or high-frequency irregular rhythms. The higher incidence of spontaneously occurring high-frequency irregular rhythms in chronic rapid atrial pacing dogs may account for the increased risk of atrial fibrillation in these dogs. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.",
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AU - Chang, Mau Song

AU - Lin, Cheng I.

PY - 2000

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N2 - Objective: Pulmonary veins are important foci of ectopic beats to initiate paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. The purpose of this study were to investigate the electrophysiological characteristics of excitable cells in canine pulmonary veins obtained from healthy and chronic rapid atrial pacing dogs and their responses to cardioactive agents. Methods: Transmembrane action potentials (APs) were recorded from multiple sites of pulmonary veins isolated from 17 healthy dogs and 14 dogs with chronic (6-8 weeks) rapid atrial pacing (780 bpm). Results: In normal superfusate, several types of electrical activities were identified, including silent electrical activity, fast response APs driven by electrical stimulation, and spontaneous fast or slow response APs (with or without early afterdepolarizations). The incidences of AP with an early afterdepolarization (93% versus 41%) was greater in chronic pacing dogs. The spontaneous activities were depressed by beta-adrenoceptor blocker, calcium channel blocker, adenosine and acetylcholine. High frequency (>8 Hz) irregular rhythms occurred spontaneously or were induced by cardioactive agents or electrical stimuli. The incidence of spontaneously occurring tachyarrhythmias was much higher in preparations from chronic pacing dogs (93%) than from control (12%). The tachyarrhythmias were suppressed by sodium channel blocker, potassium channel blocker or magnesium. Conclusions: Pulmonary veins have arrhythmogenic ability through spontaneous activities or high-frequency irregular rhythms. The higher incidence of spontaneously occurring high-frequency irregular rhythms in chronic rapid atrial pacing dogs may account for the increased risk of atrial fibrillation in these dogs. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

AB - Objective: Pulmonary veins are important foci of ectopic beats to initiate paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. The purpose of this study were to investigate the electrophysiological characteristics of excitable cells in canine pulmonary veins obtained from healthy and chronic rapid atrial pacing dogs and their responses to cardioactive agents. Methods: Transmembrane action potentials (APs) were recorded from multiple sites of pulmonary veins isolated from 17 healthy dogs and 14 dogs with chronic (6-8 weeks) rapid atrial pacing (780 bpm). Results: In normal superfusate, several types of electrical activities were identified, including silent electrical activity, fast response APs driven by electrical stimulation, and spontaneous fast or slow response APs (with or without early afterdepolarizations). The incidences of AP with an early afterdepolarization (93% versus 41%) was greater in chronic pacing dogs. The spontaneous activities were depressed by beta-adrenoceptor blocker, calcium channel blocker, adenosine and acetylcholine. High frequency (>8 Hz) irregular rhythms occurred spontaneously or were induced by cardioactive agents or electrical stimuli. The incidence of spontaneously occurring tachyarrhythmias was much higher in preparations from chronic pacing dogs (93%) than from control (12%). The tachyarrhythmias were suppressed by sodium channel blocker, potassium channel blocker or magnesium. Conclusions: Pulmonary veins have arrhythmogenic ability through spontaneous activities or high-frequency irregular rhythms. The higher incidence of spontaneously occurring high-frequency irregular rhythms in chronic rapid atrial pacing dogs may account for the increased risk of atrial fibrillation in these dogs. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

KW - Arrhythmia (mechanisms)

KW - Impulse formation

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KW - Supraventr. arrhythmia

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