Seven new polyhydroxylated oleanane-type triterpene saponins, arenarosides A-G (1-7), together with four known compounds, were isolated from an ethanol extract of the aerial parts of the Vietnamese plant Polycarpaea arenaria. The chemical structures of the newly isolated oleanane saponins were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic and spectrometric analysis, especially 2D NMR and HRMS. Biological evaluation revealed that 3, 4, 6, and 7 showed moderate activities against four human cancer cell lines (A549, HTC116, PC3, and RT112) with IC50 values of 6.0-9.9 μM, and 3, 4, 5, and 7 also displayed promising antiangiogenesis effects with IC50 values <5 μM in the test system used. Among the isolates, arenaroside D (4) exhibited the most potent inhibitory effects, not only in cancer cell proliferation but also in angiogenic activities. Preliminary SAR studies revealed that the presence of an acetyl group at C-22 in oleanane-type triterpene saponins increases these bioactivities.
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