Application of mesenchymal stem cells in targeted delivery to the brain: Potential and challenges of the extracellular vesicle-based approach for brain tumor treatment

Anh Duy Do, Ida Kurniawati, Chia Ling Hsieh, Tai Tong Wong, Yu Ling Lin, Shian Ying Sung

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻回顧型文獻同行評審

摘要

Treating brain tumors presents enormous challenges, and there are still poor prognoses in both adults and children. Application of novel targets and potential drugs is hindered by the function of the blood-brain barrier, which significantly restricts therapeutic access to the tumor. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can cross biological barriers, migrate to sites of injuries to exert many healing effects, and be engineered to incorporate different types of cargo, making them an ideal vehicle to transport anti-tumor agents to the central nervous system. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) produced by MSCs (MSC-EVs) have valuable innate properties from parent cells, and are being exploited as cell-free treatments for many neurological diseases. Compared to using MSCs, targeted delivery via MSC-EVs has a better pharmacokinetic profile, yet avoids many critical issues of cell-based systems. As the field of MSC therapeutic applications is quickly expanding, this article aims to give an overall picture for one direction of EV-based targeting of brain tumors, with updates on available techniques, outcomes of experimental models, and critical challenges of this concept.

原文英語
文章編號11187
期刊International journal of molecular sciences
22
發行號20
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 十月 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 催化
  • 分子生物學
  • 光譜
  • 電腦科學應用
  • 物理與理論化學
  • 有機化學
  • 無機化學

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