Hydroxyurea (HU, NH2CONHOH), or hydroxycar- bamide, is a hydroxamic acid derivative used as a drug for anti-neoplasm and sickle-cell disease. In this study, HU was found to have antioxidant activities against 2,2- diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and hydroxyl radicals and dose-dependent inhibitory activities against monoamine oxidase (MAO)-A, MAO-B, and semicar- bazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO) as compared to controls of clorgyline, deprenyl, and semicarbazide respectively. HU showed mixed-type, competitive-type, and competitive-type inhibition, respectively, with respect to substrates of MAO-A, MAO-B, and SSAO with apparent inhibition constants (Ki) of 19.46, 5.38, and 1.84 μM.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 醫藥 (全部)