Antioxidant activities of mucilages from different Taiwanese yam cultivars

Shyr Yi Lin, Hao Yu Liu, Yeh Lin Lu, Wen Chi Hou

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

20 引文 (Scopus)

摘要

The antioxident effects of crude mucilages (CM) and partially purified mucilages (PPM) from three different Taiwanese yam cultivars - including Dioscorea alata L. cv. Tainong 1 (TN1), Dioscorea alata L. cv. Tainong 2 (TN2), and D. alata L. var. purpurea (Roxb.) Ming-Jen (MJ) - were evaluated, including 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, hydroxyl radical, and superoxide radical scavenging activities Electron spin resonance (ESR) spectrometry was used to measure hydroxyl radical scavenging activities. The IC50 stands for the concentration required for 50% scavenging activity. The IC 50 of CM and PPM against DPPH radical was 0.329, 0.279; 0.547, 0.653; and 0.847, 0.631 mg/ml, respectively, for TN1, TN2 and MJ. The IC50 of CM and PPM against hydroxyl radical by spectrophotometry was 0.668, 1.146; 1.461, 1.096; and 0.946, 1.554 mg/ml, respectively, for TN1, TN2 and MJ. The IC50 of CM and PPM against superoxide radical was 0.802, 0.368; 0.681, 0.258; and 0.086, 0.148 mg/ml, respectively, for TN1, TN2 and MJ. Using ESR to detect hydroxyl radicals, the IC50 of PPM against hydroxyl radical was 0.083, 0.47, and 0.004 mg/ml, respectively, for TN1, TN2 and MJ. The results demonstrated that different cultivars of yams exhibited different antioxidant ability, and the purification process was able to partially increase the antioxidant activity of the mucilage polysaccharide. Taken together, these results suggest that mucilage polysaccharides of the yam tuber might play an important role on antiradicals and antioxidants.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)183-188
頁數6
期刊Botanical Bulletin of Academia Sinica
46
發行號3
出版狀態已發佈 - 七月 2005

指紋

mucilages
yams
antioxidant activity
cultivars
hydroxyl radicals
inhibitory concentration 50
Dioscorea alata
electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy
superoxide anion
spectroscopy
polysaccharides
antioxidants
purification methods
tubers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

引用此文

Antioxidant activities of mucilages from different Taiwanese yam cultivars. / Lin, Shyr Yi; Liu, Hao Yu; Lu, Yeh Lin; Hou, Wen Chi.

於: Botanical Bulletin of Academia Sinica, 卷 46, 編號 3, 07.2005, p. 183-188.

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

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title = "Antioxidant activities of mucilages from different Taiwanese yam cultivars",
abstract = "The antioxident effects of crude mucilages (CM) and partially purified mucilages (PPM) from three different Taiwanese yam cultivars - including Dioscorea alata L. cv. Tainong 1 (TN1), Dioscorea alata L. cv. Tainong 2 (TN2), and D. alata L. var. purpurea (Roxb.) Ming-Jen (MJ) - were evaluated, including 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, hydroxyl radical, and superoxide radical scavenging activities Electron spin resonance (ESR) spectrometry was used to measure hydroxyl radical scavenging activities. The IC50 stands for the concentration required for 50{\%} scavenging activity. The IC 50 of CM and PPM against DPPH radical was 0.329, 0.279; 0.547, 0.653; and 0.847, 0.631 mg/ml, respectively, for TN1, TN2 and MJ. The IC50 of CM and PPM against hydroxyl radical by spectrophotometry was 0.668, 1.146; 1.461, 1.096; and 0.946, 1.554 mg/ml, respectively, for TN1, TN2 and MJ. The IC50 of CM and PPM against superoxide radical was 0.802, 0.368; 0.681, 0.258; and 0.086, 0.148 mg/ml, respectively, for TN1, TN2 and MJ. Using ESR to detect hydroxyl radicals, the IC50 of PPM against hydroxyl radical was 0.083, 0.47, and 0.004 mg/ml, respectively, for TN1, TN2 and MJ. The results demonstrated that different cultivars of yams exhibited different antioxidant ability, and the purification process was able to partially increase the antioxidant activity of the mucilage polysaccharide. Taken together, these results suggest that mucilage polysaccharides of the yam tuber might play an important role on antiradicals and antioxidants.",
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AB - The antioxident effects of crude mucilages (CM) and partially purified mucilages (PPM) from three different Taiwanese yam cultivars - including Dioscorea alata L. cv. Tainong 1 (TN1), Dioscorea alata L. cv. Tainong 2 (TN2), and D. alata L. var. purpurea (Roxb.) Ming-Jen (MJ) - were evaluated, including 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, hydroxyl radical, and superoxide radical scavenging activities Electron spin resonance (ESR) spectrometry was used to measure hydroxyl radical scavenging activities. The IC50 stands for the concentration required for 50% scavenging activity. The IC 50 of CM and PPM against DPPH radical was 0.329, 0.279; 0.547, 0.653; and 0.847, 0.631 mg/ml, respectively, for TN1, TN2 and MJ. The IC50 of CM and PPM against hydroxyl radical by spectrophotometry was 0.668, 1.146; 1.461, 1.096; and 0.946, 1.554 mg/ml, respectively, for TN1, TN2 and MJ. The IC50 of CM and PPM against superoxide radical was 0.802, 0.368; 0.681, 0.258; and 0.086, 0.148 mg/ml, respectively, for TN1, TN2 and MJ. Using ESR to detect hydroxyl radicals, the IC50 of PPM against hydroxyl radical was 0.083, 0.47, and 0.004 mg/ml, respectively, for TN1, TN2 and MJ. The results demonstrated that different cultivars of yams exhibited different antioxidant ability, and the purification process was able to partially increase the antioxidant activity of the mucilage polysaccharide. Taken together, these results suggest that mucilage polysaccharides of the yam tuber might play an important role on antiradicals and antioxidants.

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