Preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidies (PGT-A) and PGT for monogenic disorders (PGT-M) have currently been used widely, aiming to improve IVF outcomes. Although with many years of unsatisfactory results, PGT-A has been revived because new technologies have been adopted, such as platforms to examine all 24 types of chromosomes in blastocysts. This report compiles current knowledge regarding the available PGT platforms, including quantitative PCR, array CGH, and next-generation sequencing. The diagnostic capabilities of are compared and respective advantages/disadvantages outlined. We also address the limitations of current technologies, such as assignment of embryos with balanced translocation. We also discuss the emerging novel PGT technologies that likely will change our future practice, such as non-invasive PGT examining spent culture medium. Current literature suggest that most platforms can effectively reach concordant results regarding whole-chromosome ploidy status of all 24 types of chromosomes. However, different platforms have different resolutions and experimental complexities; leading to different turnaround time, throughput and differential capabilities of detecting mosaicism, segmental mutations, unbalanced translocations, concurrent PGT-A and PGT-M etc. Based on these information, IVF staff can more appropriately interpret PGT data and counsel patients, and select suitable platforms to meet personalized needs. The present report also concisely discusses some crucial clinical outcomes by PGT, which can clarify the role of applying PGT in daily IVF programs. Finally the up-to-date information about the novel use of current technologies and the newly emerging technologies will also help identify the focus areas for the design of new platforms for PGT in the future.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology