Despite management efforts with standard surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy, glio-blastoma multiform (GBM) remains resistant to treatment, which leads to tumor recurrence due to glioma stem cells (GSCs) and therapy resistance. In this study, we used random computer-based prediction and target identification to assess activities of our newly synthesized niclosamide-de-rived compound, NSC765689, to target GBM oncogenic signaling. Using target prediction analyses, we identified glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β), β-Catenin, signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), and cluster of differentiation 44 (CD44) as potential druggable candidates of NSC765689. The above-mentioned signaling pathways were also predicted to be overexpressed in GBM tumor samples compared to adjacent normal samples. In addition, using bioinformatics tools, we also identified microRNA (miR)-135b as one of the most suppressed microRNAs in GBM sam-ples, which was reported to be upregulated through inhibition of GSK3β, and subsequently suppresses GBM tumorigenic properties and stemness. We further performed in silico molecular docking of NSC765689 with GBM oncogenes; GSK3β, β-Catenin, and STAT3, and the stem cell marker, CD44, to predict protein-ligand interactions. The results indicated that NSC765689 exhibited stronger binding affinities compared to its predecessor, LCC09, which was recently published by our laboratory, and was proven to inhibit GBM stemness and resistance. Moreover, we used available US National Cancer Institute (NCI) 60 human tumor cell lines to screen in vitro anticancer effects, including the anti-proliferative and cytotoxic activities of NSC765689 against GBM cells, and 50% cell growth inhibition (GI50) values ranged 0.23~5.13 μM. In summary, using computer-based predictions and target identification revealed that NSC765689 may be a potential pharmacological lead compound which can regulate GBM oncogene (GSK3β /β-Catenin /STAT3 / CD44) signaling and upregulate the miR-135b tumor suppressor. Therefore, further in vitro and in vivo investigations will be performed to validate the efficacy of NSC765689 as a novel potential GBM therapeutic.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Computer Science Applications
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry