Background and Aims: Hospital admission rate for the patients with chest pain has already been increased worldwide but no existing risk score has been designed to stratify non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) from non-cardiogenic chest pain. Clinical diagnosis of chest pain in the emergency department is always highly subjective and variable. We, therefore, aimed to develop an artificial intelligence approach to predict stable NSTEMI that would give valuable insight to reduce misdiagnosis in the real clinical setting. Methods: A standard protocol was developed to collect data from chest pain patients who had visited the emergency department between December 2016 and February 2017. All the chest pain patients with aged <20 years were primarily included in this study. However, STEMI, previous history of ACS, and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest were excluded from our study. An artificial neural network (ANN) model was then developed to predict NSTEMI patients. The accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and receiver operating characteristic curve was used to measure the performance of this model. Results: A total of 268 chest pain patients were included in this study; of those, 47 (17.5%) was stable NSTEMI, and 221 (82.5%) was unstable angina patients. Serval risk factors such as cardiac risk factor, systolic blood pressure, hemoglobin, corrected QT interval (QTc), PR interval, glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase, glutamic pyruvic transaminase and troponin were independently associated with stable NSTEMI. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) and accuracy of ANN were 98.4, and 92.86. Additionally, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of the ANN model was 90.91, 93.33, 76.92, and 97.67 respectively. Conclusion: Our prediction model showed a higher accuracy to predict NSTEMI patients. This model has a potential application in disease detection, monitoring, and prognosis of chest pain at risk of AMI.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Science Applications
- Health Informatics