Background/Aim: While it has been demonstrated that rice bran might lower the cholesterol level in hypercholesterolemic individuals, its effects on the levels of adiponectin and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus remain unknown. Methods: Twenty-eight volunteers with type 2 diabetes were randomly divided into 2 groups, one of which received a dietary supplement of 20 g of stabilized rice bran and the other placebo once daily for 12 weeks. Parameters such as the level of HbA1c, glucose, insulin, homeostasis model assessment for estimation of relative insulin resistance, high-density and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and adiponectin were evaluated. Results: At the end of the study period, postprandial glucose and the area under the glucose curve of the rice bran group were significantly lower than baseline levels by 14.4 and 15.7%, respectively. Compared to baseline, the HbA1c values in the rice bran group were also significantly lower. Serum total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol concentrations in the rice bran group were 9.2 and 13.7% lower, respectively, than in the placebo group. The plasma free fatty acid and adiponectin concentrations were 20% lower and 40% higher in the rice bran group compared to the placebo group. Conclusions: This study demonstrated that stabilized rice bran can lower the level of HbA1c and blood lipids and increase blood adiponectin concentrations in type 2 diabetic subjects. In light of this, we conclude that stabilized rice bran may represent an important functional nutrient to ameliorate lipid and glycemic anomalies in type 2 diabetic subjects.
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