Allergic rhinitis is associated with periodontitis: A population-based study

Shih Han Hung, Ming Chieh Tsai, Herng Ching Lin, Shiu Dong Chung

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章

10 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Background: Little is known regarding associations of periodontitis with diseases of the nose, one of the structures adjacent to the mouth. This study aims to explore the association between periodontitis and previous allergic rhinitis (AR) using amatched patient-control study design from a population-based dataset in Taiwan. Methods: Data were sourced from the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000 for 71,182 patients with chronic periodontitis (CP) and 71,182 controls without periodontitis. Generalized linear mixed-model analyses were used to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for previous AR diagnosis in patients and controls. Results: Significant difference was found in prevalence of prior AR for patients and controls (28.4% versus 24.2%; P <0.001). Generalized linear mixed model suggested that the OR of previous AR for patients was 1.24 (95% CI: 1.22 to 1.27; P <0.001) compared with controls. Adjustments were made for: 1) monthly income; 2) urbanization level; 3) diabetes mellitus; 4) hypertension; 5) coronary heart disease; 6) hyperlipidemia; 7) alcohol abuse; 8) tobacco use disorder; and 9) random effect of geographic region. After adjusting, OR of previous AR diagnosis among patients was 1.21 (95% CI: 1.18 to 1.23; P <0.001) compared with controls. Conclusions: An association between periodontitis and prior AR is demonstrated. It is recommended that physicians be more alert for potential risk of subsequent development of CP in patients with AR.
原文英語
頁(從 - 到)749-755
頁數7
期刊Journal of Periodontology
87
發行號7
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 七月 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

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