Background: Receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) signalling plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. Calcitriol modulates cardiac RAGE expression. This study explored the mechanisms underlying the effect of calcitriol on RAGE and soluble RAGE (sRAGE) expression in cardiomyocytes. Materials and methods: Western blot, ELISA, fluorometric assay and PCR analyses were used to evaluate the RAGE, sRAGE, endogenous secretory RAGE (esRAGE), Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), and a disintegrin and metalloprotease 10 (ADAM10) expression and enzyme activity in HL-1 atrial myocytes without and with calcitriol (10 and 100 nM), nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) inhibitor (50 μg/mL), or ADAM10 inhibitor (5 μM) incubation for 48 h. Results: Calcitriol (10 nM) significantly reduced RAGE protein expression and increased sRAGE concentrations in HL-1 cardiomyocytes compared with control cells. These changes were associated with increased protein expression and enzyme activity of ADAM10 and higher mRNA expression of esRAGE. In the presence of ADAM10 inhibitor, however, the suppressive effect of calcitriol on RAGE was diminished. Methylglyoxal (500 μM for 10 min)-mediated JNK phosphorylation was attenuated in the presence of calcitriol (10 nM). Moreover, control and NF-κB inhibitor-treated HL-1 cells had similar RAGE and sRAGE expression, suggesting that calcitriol-mediated RAGE modulation was independent of NF-κB signalling. Conclusions: We showed that RAGE downregulation and increased sRAGE production by calcitriol were mediated through ADAM10 activation in cardiomyocytes. The results suggest that calcitriol has therapeutic potential in treating RAGE-mediated cardiovascular complications.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry