Metabolic syndrome is a risk factor for the development of cardiovascular diseases. Myocardial cell damage leads to an imbalance of energy metabolism, and many studies have indicated that short-term hypoxia during myocardial cell injury has a protective effect. In our previous animal studies, we found that short-term hypoxia in the heart has a protective effect, but long-term hypoxia increases myocardial cell injury. Palmitic acid (PA)-treated H9c2 cardiomyoblasts and neonatal rat ventricle cardiomyocytes were used to simulate hyperlipidemia model, which suppress cluster of differentiation 36 (CD36) and activate glucose transporter type 4 (GLUT4). We exposed the cells to short- and long-term hypoxia and investigated the protective effects of hypoxic preconditioning on PA-induced lipotoxicity in H9c2 cardiomyoblasts and neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. Preconditioning with short-term hypoxia enhanced both CD36 and GLUT4 metabolism pathway protein levels. Expression levels of phospho-PI3K, phospho-Akt, phospho-AMPK, SIRT1, PGC1α, PPARα, CD36, and CPT1β induced by PA was reversed by short-term hypoxia in a time-dependent manner. PA-induced increased GLUT4 membrane protein level was reduced in the cells exposed to short-term hypoxia and si-PKCζ. Short-term hypoxia, resveratrol and si-PKCζ rescue H9c2 cells from apoptosis induced by PA and switch the metabolic pathway from GLUT4 dependent to CD36 dependent. We demonstrate short-term hypoxic preconditioning as a more efficient way as resveratrol in maintaining the energy metabolism of hearts during hyperlipidemia and can be used as a therapeutic strategy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology
Chen, Y. P., Kuo, W. W., Baskaran, R., Day, C. H., Chen, R. J., Wen, S. Y., Ho, T. J., Padma, V. V., Kuo, C. H., & Huang, C. Y. (2018). Acute hypoxic preconditioning prevents palmitic acid-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis via switching metabolic GLUT4-glucose pathway back to CD36-fatty acid dependent. Journal of Cellular Biochemistry, 119(4), 3363-3372. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcb.26501