Acute effects of ambient non-methane hydrocarbons on cardiorespiratory hospitalizations: A multicity time-series study in Taiwan

Hong Qiu, Kai Jen Chuang, Yen Chun Fan, Ta Pang Chang, Chyi Huey Bai, Kin Fai Ho

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻文章同行評審

摘要

Background: Few environmental epidemiological studies and no large multicity studies have evaluated the acute short-term health effects of ambient non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHC), the essential precursors of ground-level ozone and secondary organic aerosol formation. Objective: We conducted this multicity time-series study in Taiwan to evaluate the association between airborne NMHC exposure and cardiorespiratory hospital admissions. Methods: We collected the daily mean concentrations of NMHC, fine particulate matter (PM2.5), ozone (O3), weather conditions, and daily hospital admission count for cardiorespiratory diseases between 2014 and 2017 from eight major cities of Taiwan. We applied an over-dispersed generalized additive Poisson model (GAM) with adjustment for temporal trends, seasonal variations, weather conditions, and calendar effects to compute the effect estimate for each city. Then we conducted a random-effects meta-analysis to pool the eight city-specific effect estimates to obtain the overall associations of NMHC exposure on lag0 day with hospital admissions for respiratory and circulatory diseases, respectively. Results: On average, a 0.1-ppm increase of lag0 NMHC demonstrated an overall 0.9% (95% CI: 0.4–1.3%) and 0.8% (95% CI: 0.4–1.2%) increment of hospital admissions for respiratory and circulatory diseases, respectively. Further analyses with adjustment for PM2.5 and O3 in the multi-pollutant model or sensitivity analyses with restricting the NMHC monitoring from the general stations only confirmed the robustness of the association between ambient NMHC exposure and cardiorespiratory hospitalizations. Conclusion: Our findings provide robust evidence of higher cardiorespiratory hospitalizations in association with acute exposure to ambient NMHC in eight major cities of Taiwan.
原文英語
文章編號113370
期刊Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
234
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 4月 1 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 污染
  • 公共衛生、環境和職業健康
  • 健康、毒理學和誘變

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