Tandem catalysis can carry out the sequential coupling of multiple reactions in one operation, which is promising for sulfur-containing volatile organic compounds (S-VOCs) control. Herein, a tandem catalyst (CuO/VO-MnO2) consisting of well-dispersed CuO shell and oxygen vacancy-rich (VO) hollow-structured MnO2 core exhibited superior adsorption and catalytic performance under the mild condition for the elimination of CH3SH. The optimum 5CuO/VO-MnO2 can reach a significant improvement in CH3SH elimination of ∼99 % conversion over bare CuO/ pristine MnO2 at 25 ℃ under a GHSV of 60,000 mL h−1 g−1, and an almost 4-fold enhanced catalytic activity of the individual O3 with ∼99 % utilization of the applied O3 in the feed gas. The underlying tandem catalytic mechanism was in-depth identified by XPS, in situ DRIFTs and high-level computational study. The secret to the superior performance of CuO/VO-MnO2 lies in that CH3SH was preferentially chemisorbed on multivalent CuO (Cu(I)/Cu(II)), then deeply oxidized into final product of SO42−/CO32− via the catalytic ozonation by multivalent CuO and oxygen vacancies of neighbouring VO-MnO2. Attributed to the efficient electron replenishing interaction and cycling of active oxygen vacancies at the tandem reactive site of CuO/VO-MnO2 interface ([tbnd]Mn(IV) + [tbnd]Cu(II) + 2Olatt → [tbnd]Mn(II)/Mn(III) + VO + [tbnd]Cu(I) + O2), its lifetime can extend to 300 min with limited loss of activity. These findings thus open up a way to address current multiple challenges in S-VOCs control using a single hierarchical core-shell structure with tandem catalysis.
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