Activation of brainstem catecholaminergic neurons by conditioned and unconditioned aversive stimuli as revealed by c-Fos immunoreactivity

Michael A. Pezzone, Wen Sen Lee, Gloria E. Hoffman, Kimberly M. Pezzone, Bruce S. Rabin

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147 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

In an attempt to define areas of the brain that respond to stressors and influence immune function, we have previously identified stress-induced, c-Fos-immunoreactive areas of the diencephalon. We found that c-Fos was strongly expressed in cells of the paraventricular nuclei (some of which contain corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) and other hypothalamic areas directly associated with autonomic function. To further characterize the presumptive pathways mediating stress-induced immune alterations, including the assessment of brainstem catecholaminergic neuron involvement, the induction of c-Fos immunoreactivity was examined in the brainstems of rats exposed to conditioned and unconditioned, immunomodulating stimuli. In response to electric footshock (the unconditioned stimulus (US)), c-Fos immunoreactivity was strongly induced in the noradrenergic neurons of the locus ceruleus (A6), the nucleus of the solitary tract (A2/C2), the ventral lateral medulla (A1/C1), A5, and A7, as well as in unidentified neurons of the dorsal and ventral subdivisions of the periqueductal gray (PAG), and in the serotonergic neurons of the dorsal raphe nuclei. Conditioned animals re-exposed to the conditioned stimulus showed c-Fos induction in these same areas but to a lesser degree. Control animals exposed only to the conditioning stimulus (CS) (electronic tone) in the absence of the US, expressed very little, if any, c-Fos activity in the above loci except for a small degree of baseline expression in the PAG. These results further confirm the role of autonomic and endocrine pathways as mediators of the stress response and will help to more fully characterize the pathways of stress-induced immune alteration.

原文英語
頁(從 - 到)310-318
頁數9
期刊Brain Research
608
發行號2
DOIs
出版狀態已發佈 - 4月 16 1993
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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 發展生物學
  • 分子生物學
  • 神經病學(臨床)
  • 神經科學 (全部)

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